Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Unripe Banana Flour (Musa acuminata, var. Nanicão).
Summary of "Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Unripe Banana Flour (Musa acuminata, var. Nanicão)."
Banana flour obtained from unripe banana (Musa acuminata, var. Nanicão) under specific drying conditions was evaluated regarding its chemical composition and nutritional value. Results are expressed in dry weight (dw). The unripe banana flour (UBF) presented a high amount of total dietary fiber (DF) (56.24 g/100 g), which consisted of resistant starch (RS) (48.99 g/100 g), fructans (0.05 g/100 g) and DF without RS or fructans (7.2 g/100 g). The contents of available starch (AS) (27.78 g/100 g) and soluble sugars (1.81 g/100 g) were low. The main phytosterols found were campesterol (4.1 mg/100 g), stigmasterol (2.5 mg/100 g) and β-sitosterol (6.2 mg/100 g). The total polyphenol content was 50.65 mg GAE/100 g. Antioxidant activity, by the FRAP and ORAC methods, was moderated, being 358.67 and 261.00 μmol of Trolox equivalent/100 g, respectively. The content of Zn, Ca and Fe and mineral dialyzability were low. The procedure used to obtain UBF resulted in the recovery of undamaged starch granules and in a low-energy product (597 kJ/100 g).
Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21732181
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11130-011-0238-0
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A plant family of the order ZINGIBERALES, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida best known for banana (MUSA). The slender false trunk, formed by leaf sheaths of the spirally arranged leaves, may rise to 15 meters (50 feet). There is a crown of large leaves at the top.
A flour made of pulverized, dried fish or fish parts.
Nutritional And Metabolic Diseases
A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional physiology of animals.
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
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