Bipolar clavicular dislocation.
Summary of "Bipolar clavicular dislocation."
Bipolar clavicular dislocation rarely occurs. Although referred to by several different names (panclavicular dislocation, bifocal clavicle dislocation, traumatic floating clavicle, and periarticular clavicle dislocation), knowledge regarding appropriate treatment of this condition is limited. Conservative therapy remains the gold standard in asymptomatic individuals. In younger individuals with higher functional demands, or individuals with persistent pain or instability, open reduction with internal fixation of the acromioclavicular joint has also proven successful. In situations with continued medial instability, internal fixation can be used at both the acromioclavicular joint and sternoclavicular joint.Chronic bipolar dislocation may require total claviculectomy, especially when chronic dislocation has led to nonviable acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joint viability. This article presents a chronic case of bipolar dislocation treated by complete claviculectomy.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21717997
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20110526-23
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Hip Dislocation, Congenital
Congenital dislocation of the hip generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is more common in females than in males.
Retinal Bipolar Cells
INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA containing two processes. They receive inputs from the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and send outputs to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS. The bipolar cells also make lateral connections in the retina with the RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS and with the AMACRINE CELLS.
Slippage of the FEMUR off the TIBIA.
Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.
Displacement of the PATELLA from the femoral groove.
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