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A pancreatic endometrial cyst is an extremely rare disease. Since 1984, only 7 cases have been reported, including the current case. A 35-year-old woman with a history of recurrent severe left upper abdominal pain of 3 months' duration was found to have a cyst in the pancreatic body on the diagnostic imaging findings. With a preoperative diagnosis of mucous cystic adenoma, she underwent a distal pancreatectomy. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed a pancreatic endometrial cyst. She complained about severe periodic abdominal pain during the convalescence, without any surgical complications. This study reviews previous reports of pancreatic endometrial cysts, and also discusses the clinicopathological features, pathogenesis, and appropriate treatment for this disease.
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery and Oncology, Tazuke Kofukai Medical Research Institute, Kitano Hospital, 2-4-20 Ohgimachi, Kita-ku, Osaka, 530-8480, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Surgery today
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A true cyst of the PANCREAS, distinguished from the much more common PANCREATIC PSEUDOCYST by possessing a lining of mucous EPITHELIUM. Pancreatic cysts are categorized as congenital, retention, neoplastic, parasitic, enterogenous, or dermoid. Congenital cysts occur more frequently as solitary cysts but may be multiple. Retention cysts are gross enlargements of PANCREATIC DUCTS secondary to ductal obstruction. (From Bockus Gastroenterology, 4th ed, p4145)
Cysts formed from epithelial inclusions in the lines of fusion of the embryonic processes which form the jaws. They include nasopalatine or incisive canal cyst, incisive papilla cyst, globulomaxillary cyst, median palatal cyst, median alveolar cyst, median mandibular cyst, and nasoalveolar cyst.
Cyst-like space not lined by EPITHELIUM and contained within the PANCREAS. Pancreatic pseudocysts account for most of the cystic collections in the pancreas and are often associated with chronic PANCREATITIS.
Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
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