Sonographic measurement of transient synovitis in children: diagnostic value of joint effusion.
Summary of "Sonographic measurement of transient synovitis in children: diagnostic value of joint effusion."
In an evaluation of the diagnostic criteria for ultrasonography (US) of transient synovitis in children, in a prospective study, 34 consecutive children with a painful hip underwent US. The ultrasonographic joint space (UJS) and the effusion space were measured in both hips, and the width of the UJS thickness in the asymptomatic hips was compared with that in the symptomatic hips. US showed the presence of a joint effusion in 31 of the 34 children and a bilateral effusion in 3. The US diagnostic criterion for hip effusion consists of a UJS thickness difference >2.0 mm between asymptomatic and symptomatic hips. However, we found that 8 of the 31 UJS measurements compared between symptomatic hips and asymptomatic hips exhibited differences of <2 mm. We suggest that effusion space measurements are possible for accurate visualization of synovitis, rather than the recording of differences in UJS measurements between hips.
Department of Radiology, Katsuragi Hospital, 250-1 Makami Cho, Kishiwada, Osaka, 596-0842, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Radiological physics and technology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21748477
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12194-011-0128-z
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
Joint Capsule Release
Surgical procedure to relax the JOINT CAPSULE tissues in a joint that has a reduced range of motion due to CONTRACTURE or TISSUE ADHESIONS or joint deformities.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
A diagnostic test in which vitamin B12 is tagged with radioactive cobalt, taken orally, and gastrointestinal absorption is determined via measurement of the amount of radioactivity in a 24-hour urine collection.
The crucial differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children can be difficult. In 1999, Kocher et al introduced four clinical predictors which were highly predic...
Children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) may infrequently present with localized anterior knee pain or swelling, in addition to generalize knee pain induced by JIA. We report five cases of de...
OBJECTIVE: /st> The objectives were: (1) to determine if ultrasound (US) can detect more erosions in erosive osteoarthritis (EOA) of the interphalangeal (IP) joints than conventional radiography (CR);...
Triggering in young children is rare. In this report, we describe spontaneous bilateral ring finger triggering in a 7-year-old boy after a viral infection. The pathology completely resolved without in...
PURPOSE: Accurate measurement of anterior urethral stricture length is critical to determine the appropriate surgical approach. Retrograde urethrogram is often used to determine stricture location and...
The primary objective of this study is to determine if emergency department patients with Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) that are managed using a TIA “accelerated diagnostic protocol”...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a chondroitin sulphate conventional treatment on the degree of severity of synovitis, as measured by magnetic resonance in patients...
Confirm with invasive measurement the presence of a Walking-Induced Transient Hack (WITH) profile
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular glucocorticoid injections are frequently used to relieve symptoms of arthritis. Postinjection rest has been shown to improve the outcome of knee joint injection...
To evaluate the use of sonographic inferior caval vein assessment in mechanically ventilated septic patients. Volume assessment in mechanically ventilated patients with inflammation is of...