Demyelination during anti-TNFα therapy for ankylosing spondylitis.
Summary of "Demyelination during anti-TNFα therapy for ankylosing spondylitis."
A 34-year-old ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patient on etanercept for 30 months presented to neurologists with paresthesia of his hands and feet. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed multifocal hyperintense lesions. Symptoms did not improve on stopping the anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agent. Few cases of demyelinating disease occurring after more than 2 years of treatment with anti-TNF agents have been reported in patients with AS. Opthalmologists, internists, neurologists, and rheumatologists need to be aware of these adverse events, as patients may present to any of these specialties many years after treatment.
Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Bath, UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Modern rheumatology / the Japan Rheumatism Association
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21748364
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10165-011-0498-4
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A butyl-diphenyl-pyrazolidinedione that has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic activities. It has been used in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Oxyphenbutazone eyedrops have been used abroad in the management of postoperative ocular inflammation, superficial eye injuries, and episcleritis. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2000) It had been used by mouth in rheumatic disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but such use is no longer considered justified owing to the risk of severe hematological adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p27)
Human histocompatibility (HLA) surface antigen encoded by the B locus on chromosome 6. It is strongly associated with acute anterior uveitis (UVEITIS, ANTERIOR); ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS; and REACTIVE ARTHRITIS.
A chronic inflammatory condition affecting the axial joints, such as the SACROILIAC JOINT and other intervertebral or costovertebral joints. It occurs predominantly in young males and is characterized by pain and stiffness of joints (ANKYLOSIS) with inflammation at tendon insertions.