Elevated Expression of β1,4-Galactosyltransferase-I in Cartilage and Synovial Tissue of Patients with Osteoarthritis.
Summary of "Elevated Expression of β1,4-Galactosyltransferase-I in Cartilage and Synovial Tissue of Patients with Osteoarthritis."
Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered a complex illness, characterized by cartilage degeneration, secondary synovial membrane inflammation, and subchondral bone sclerosis. Previous studies have shown β1,4-galactosylransferase-I (β1,4-GalT-I) to be a key inflammatory mediator that participates in the initiation and maintenance of inflammatory reaction in diseases. In the present study, we investigated the expression and possible biological function of β1,4-GalT-I in the cartilage and synovial tissue of OA patients. Cartilage and synovial tissue samples from OA patients and healthy controls were stained for β1,4-GalT-I. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to observe the expression of β1,4-GalT-I, and western blot was carried out for E-selectin. The interaction between β1,4-GalT-I and E-selectin was analyzed by double labeling immunohistochemistry and immunoprecipitation. The expression of β1,4-GalT-I increased in the cartilage and synovial tissue of OA patients compared with healthy controls. E-selectin was overexpressed and was correlated with β1,4-GalT-I in OA cartilage and synovial tissue. These data suggest that β1,4-GalT-I may play an important role in the inflammatory processes in cartilage and synovial tissue of patients with OA.
Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University, Nantong, People's Republic of China, 226001.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21750942
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10753-011-9357-x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rare, benign, chronic, progressive metaplasia in which cartilage is formed in the synovial membranes of joints, tendon sheaths, or bursae. Some of the metaplastic foci can become detached producing loose bodies. When the loose bodies undergo secondary calcification, the condition is called synovial osteochondromatosis.
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
Non-neoplastic tumor-like lesions at joints, developed from the SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE of a joint through the JOINT CAPSULE into the periarticular tissues. They are filled with SYNOVIAL FLUID with a smooth and translucent appearance. A synovial cyst can develop from any joint, but most commonly at the back of the knee, where it is known as POPLITEAL CYST.
Pathological processes involving the chondral tissue (CARTILAGE).
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
β1,4-galactosyltransferase-I (β1,4-GalT-I), which is one of the best-studied glycosyltransferases, plays a key role in the synthesis of selectin ligands such as sialyl Lewis (sLe(x)) and sulfated sL...
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