Role of tumor vascular architecture in drug delivery.
Summary of "Role of tumor vascular architecture in drug delivery."
Tumor targeted drug delivery has the potential to improve cancer care by reducing non-target toxicities and increasing the efficacy of a drug. Tumor targeted delivery of a drug from the systemic circulation, however, requires a thorough understanding of tumor pathophysiology. A growing or receding (under the impact of therapy) tumor represents a dynamic environment with changes in its angiogenic status, cell mass, and extracellular matrix composition. An appreciation of the salient characteristics of tumor vascular architecture and the unique biochemical markers that may be used for targeting drug therapy is important to overcome barriers to tumor drug therapy and to facilitate targeted drug delivery. This review discusses the unique aspects of tumor vascular architecture that need to be overcome or exploited for tumor targeted drug delivery.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Advanced drug delivery reviews
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21514334
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2011.04.002
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
The original member of the family of endothelial cell growth factors referred to as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS. Vascular endothelial growth factor-A was originally isolated from tumor cells and referred to as "tumor angiogenesis factor" and "vascular permeability factor". Although expressed at high levels in certain tumor-derived cells it is produced by a wide variety of cell types. In addition to stimulating vascular growth and vascular permeability it may play a role in stimulating VASODILATION via NITRIC OXIDE-dependent pathways. Alternative splicing of the mRNA for vascular endothelial growth factor A results in several isoforms of the protein being produced.
Drug Delivery Systems
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Architecture As Topic
The art and science of designing buildings and structures. More generally, it is the design of the total built environment, including town planning, urban design, and landscape architecture.
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