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Aspiration pneumonia is associated with a high morbidity and mortality in elderly patients. In order to provide risk-adapted medical care, it is necessary to establish valid prognostic tools for these patients.
The value of two well-established scores to assess prognosis in community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), i.e., CURB-65 and the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI), was evaluated in elderly patients hospitalized for aspiration pneumonia. MATERIAL AND
A total of 209 patients hospitalized with aspiration pneumonia between 2001 and 2005 in a single center were evaluated using PSI and CURB-65. For comparison of morbidity and mortality, an equally large group of inpatients with CAP was analyzed.
The mean age of patients with aspiration pneumonia was 76.7±13.4 years, and 104 (49.8 %) were female. Patients with aspiration pneumonia more frequently showed a history of cancer, hypotension, and hyponatriemia on admission. Mortality was clearly higher in comparison to patients with CAP (39.2% vs. 16.3%). The Odds Ratio (OR) for mortality was 1.03 (95% CI 0.59; 1.79) for a CURB-65 score of 3-5 points compared to 0-2 points. In cases of CAP, OR showed a statistically significant increase of risk (OR 2.50; 95% CI 1.04; 6.06), for CURB-65 scores of 3-5 points vs. 0-2 points). In aspiration pneumonia, the PSI showed a trend towards increasing mortality within higher risk class.
In geriatric patients hospitalized with aspiration pneumonia, CURB-65 and PSI have no prognostic value.
Klinik für Notfall- und internistische Intensivmedizin, Klinikum Nürnberg, Nürnberg, Deutschland.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie : Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie
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