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Still's disease and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) are febrile rheumatic diseases of unknown etiology, which predominantly affect children but can also have their initial manifestation in adults. Both can present as intermittent, relapsing episodes and are considered potential candidates within the expanding spectrum of autoinflammatory disorders, although no genetic abnormalities have been described for either of them. Here, we describe a man with an initial manifestation of abacterial multifocal osteitis at the age of 41. During a relapsing-remitting course of his illness, he increasingly developed symptoms of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), and the diagnosis was established according to the Yamaguchi criteria. When treated with anakinra, not only the acute symptoms disappeared promptly, but also the osteitis went into complete remission. This is to our knowledge the first description of a simultaneous occurrence of these two manifestations of autoinflammation in adulthood.
Department of Medicine 3, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Krankenhausstr. 12, 91054, Erlangen, Germany, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Rheumatology international
(1) To examine how many patients have clinically and/or radiologically active chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) ≥ 10 years after first onset of symptoms, and (2) to compare clinical ...
Background : Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory condition. The lesions are reported to present most frequently in the long bones. This study aimed to review the p...
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Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
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