Lasing in ultra-narrow emission from GaAs quantum dots coupled with a two-dimensional layer.
Summary of "Lasing in ultra-narrow emission from GaAs quantum dots coupled with a two-dimensional layer."
We report electrically injected lasing in GaAs quantum dots (QDs) grown on GaAs(001) by droplet epitaxy. High-quality GaAs QDs with superior uniformity are formed using improved growth techniques involving the insertion of a two-dimensional layer, control of the As flux for GaAs crystallization, and thin AlGaAs layer capping with high-temperature annealing. The QDs show ultra-narrow luminescence with a linewidth of 20 meV. Ground-state lasing from a laser diode containing fivefold-stacked QD layers is observed at low temperature under pulsed operation.
Quantum Dot Research Center, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21775803
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/22/33/335201
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Nanometer sized fragments (the dots) of semiconductor crystalline material which emit PHOTONS. The wavelength is based on the quantum confinement size of the dot. They are brighter and more persistent than organic chemical INDICATORS. They can be embedded in MICROBEADS for high throughput ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Tunable liquid lasers with organic compounds (i.e., dye) which have a strong absorption band, used as the active medium. During emission, the dye has to be optically excited by another light source (e.g., another laser or flash lamp). The range of the emission wavelength may be anywhere from the ultraviolet to the near infrared (i.e., from 180 to 1100nm). These lasers are operated in continuous wave and pulsed modes. (UMDNS, 2005)
Lasers in which a gas lasing medium is stimulated to emit light by an electric current or high-frequency oscillator.
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