Meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and risk of extrahepatic bile system cancer.
Summary of "Meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and risk of extrahepatic bile system cancer."
Aim:â€‚ Alcohol consumption increases the risk of liver cancer. However, there is still controversy regarding alcohol consumption and the risk of extrahepatic bile system cancer (EBSC). We performed a meta-analysis to provide an overview of the relevant studies and gain more robust estimates of the relationship between alcohol consumption and risk of EBSC. Methods:â€‚ Relevant studies published between January 1966 and October 2010 were identified by searching Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library. Studies were selected using a priori defined criteria. The strength of the relationship between alcohol consumption and risk of EBSC was assessed by adjusted odds ratio (OR). Results:â€‚ A total of 113â€ƒ767 participants from 10 studies (nine case-control studies and one cohort study) were identified in this meta-analysis. The studies provided adjusted overall OR estimates for drinkers versus non-/low drinkers, leading to a pooled adjusted OR of 0.82 (95% confidence interval [CI]â€ƒ=â€ƒ0.72-0.94, P for heterogeneityâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.194, I(2) â€ƒ=â€ƒ27.2%). The overall adjusted OR of hospital-based studies and population-based studies were 0.80 (95% CIâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.65-0.99, Pâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.260) and 0.79 (95% CIâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.64-0.98, Pâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.119), respectively. For the heavy drinkers, the adjusted OR significance increased to 1.58 (95% CIâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.97-2.57, P for heterogeneityâ€ƒ=â€ƒ0.055, I(2) â€ƒ=â€ƒ65.4%), but it had no statistical significance. Conclusion:â€‚ There is evidence that moderate alcohol consumption lowers the risk of EBSC compared with non-/low alcohol consumption, but not heavy alcohol consumption. Further multicenter and better controlled studies are required to confirm these findings.
Department of Hepatobilliary Surgery, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21794037
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1872-034X.2011.00831.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary
FIBROSIS of the hepatic parenchyma due to obstruction of BILE flow (CHOLESTASIS) in the intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts (BILE DUCTS, INTRAHEPATIC; BILE DUCTS, EXTRAHEPATIC). Primary biliary cirrhosis involves the destruction of small intra-hepatic bile ducts and bile secretion. Secondary biliary cirrhosis is produced by prolonged obstruction of large intrahepatic or extrahepatic bile ducts from a variety of causes.
Works consisting of studies using a quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc. It is often an overview of clinical trials. It is usually called a meta-analysis by the author or sponsoring body and should be differentiated from reviews of literature.
Inflammation of the biliary ductal system (BILE DUCTS); intrahepatic, extrahepatic, or both.
Impairment of bile flow in the large BILE DUCTS by mechanical obstruction or stricture due to benign or malignant processes.
A congenital anatomic malformation of a bile duct, including cystic dilatation of the extrahepatic bile duct or the large intrahepatic bile duct. Classification is based on the site and type of dilatation. Type I is most common.
The purpose of this meta-analysis is to summarize the estimated risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) related to alcohol consumption.
Alcohol drinking is a known risk factor for laryngeal cancer. However, little information is available on the risk associated with light alcohol drinking. To address this issue, we conducted a meta-an...
Psoriasis is one of the most common dermatological disorders. The association between alcohol consumption and psoriasis has been inconsistent among studies. To examine the magnitude of the risk of dev...
The dysfunction of p53 is the most common genetic alteration in human cancer. A variety of studies have investigated the clinicopathologic correlation of p53 and its impact on patient survival in diff...
Objective. To investigate the association between frequency of alcohol consumption and the risk and severity of RA. Methods. Frequency of alcohol consumption was recorded by patients and controls in a...
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of type II diabetes mellitus. In a recent study of Greenfield et al. it was observed that moderate alcohol consumption sign...
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The association of alcohol consumption with cardiovascular disease is mediat...
Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of diabetes type 2. This association could be mediated by an improvement of insulin sensitivity with moderate alcohol consu...
A body of epidemiologic studies show that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a protective effect against type 2 diabetes. The importance of both insulin sensitivity and insuli...
Rationale: High-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is consistently increased after moderate alcohol consumption, is an abundant plasma lipoprotein that is generally thought to be anti-inflam...