United States pharmacopeia safety evaluation of spirulina.
Summary of "United States pharmacopeia safety evaluation of spirulina."
The Dietary Supplements Information Expert Committee (DSI-EC) of the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) reviews the safety of dietary supplements and dietary supplement ingredients for the purpose of determining whether they should be admitted as quality monographs into the United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary (USP-NF). The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has enforcement authority to pursue a misbranding action in those instances where a dietary supplement product indicates that it conforms to USP standards but fails to so conform. Recently DSI-EC undertook a safety evaluation of spirulina, a widely used dietary ingredient. DSI-EC reviewed information from human clinical trials, animal studies, and regulatory and pharmacopeial sources and analyzed 31 adverse event reports regarding spirulina to assess potential health concerns. At the conclusion of this review, DSI-EC assigned a Class A safety rating for Spirulina maxima and S. platensis, thereby permitting the admission of quality monographs for these dietary supplement ingredients in USP-NF. DSI-EC continually monitors reports concerning the safety of dietary supplements and dietary supplement ingredients for which USP dietary supplement monographs are developed. The DSI-EC may revisit the safety classification of spirulina as new information on this dietary ingredient becomes available.
a United States Pharmacopeia Dietary Supplements Information Expert Committee Members , Rockville , MD , USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21793723
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408391003721719
The Center for Community Health and Evaluation conducted a 3-year evaluation to assess results of health impact assessments (HIAs) in the United States and to identify elements critical for their succ...
ABSTRACT The University of Iowa began training health care professionals to care for farmers' occupational health needs since 1974. In order to geographically expand this training to practicing health...
When my mother fell ill while visiting me in the United States, I had the opportunity to compare costs of surgical cardiac care in the United States and India. I faced challenges in making well-inform...
Objective. To examine available data and actions surrounding current pharmacy workforce issues in the United States and United Kingdom. Methods. Published pharmacy workforce data from the United State...
Chagas disease is an emerging vector-borne disease in the United States that causes progressive dilated cardiomyopathy in a third of infected humans. While transmission studies have been performed in ...
To conduct epidemiological, laboratory, and survey research on volunteer blood donors within the United States to ensure the safety and availability of the United States' blood supply.
To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of cholesterol-lowering strategies in the United States population. The study used the Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Policy Model, a state-transition com...
IPM 020 is a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase I/II expanded safety trial being conducted at 5 research centers in the United States among approximately 180 healthy, sexua...
A detailed review was made of data pertinent to the occurrence of chronic Chagas disease in the United States.
The POST study comprised patients whose data were entered into the NRMI 4 and 5 databases. NRMI is a prospective, observational study of patients presenting with AMI in the United States. ...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
The geographic area of the southwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah.
The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.