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Outcome of cochlear implantation in asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus deafened children.

00:40 EDT 19th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Outcome of cochlear implantation in asymptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus deafened children."

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a common cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The incidence of SNHL is higher in symptomatic cCMV infants and is usually identified early. By contrast, the incidence of SNHL is lower in children with asymptomatic cCMV, and the hearing loss can be delayed in onset and progressive. The objective was to compare the outcome of cochlear implantation in children deafened by cCMV with a control group of children with implants who do not have the condition.

Affiliation

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Central Manchester University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, United Kingdom. malikvik@yahoo.com.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Laryngoscope
ISSN: 1531-4995
Pages: 1780-4

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.

Infection with CYTOMEGALOVIRUS, characterized by enlarged cells bearing intranuclear inclusions. Infection may be in almost any organ, but the salivary glands are the most common site in children, as are the lungs in adults.

The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.

Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (AUDITORY BRAIN STEM IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than to the inner ear as in COCHLEAR IMPLANTATION.

Infection of the retina by cytomegalovirus characterized by retinal necrosis, hemorrhage, vessel sheathing, and retinal edema. Cytomegalovirus retinitis is a major opportunistic infection in AIDS patients and can cause blindness.

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