Self-Microemulsifiyng Suppository Formulation of beta-Artemether.
Summary of "Self-Microemulsifiyng Suppository Formulation of beta-Artemether."
Parasitic diseases are of immense global significance as around 30% of world's population experiences parasitic infections. Among these, malaria is the most life-threatening disease. Various routes of administration have been explored for delivering antimalarial actives. The present investigation aims at formulating self-microemulsifying suppositories of beta-artemether with faster onset of action and prolonged effect to be administered by rectal route. These were compared with conventional polyethylene glycol suppositories with respect to melting range, rheology, texture analysis, disintegration time, self microemulsification time, particle size, and drug content. In vitro drug release was studied by using USP apparatus II. Further, the suppositories were evaluated in murine model against virulent rodent malaria parasite Plasmodium berghei wherein the developed self-microemulsifying suppositories could sustain the activity (94%) for 20 days post infection. The survival of animals was also better as compared to the conventional formulation.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology, N. P. Marg, Matunga, Mumbai , 400019, India.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: AAPS PharmSciTech
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20661674
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-010-9478-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic which can be administered intravenously or by suppository. The drug is highly resistant to a broad spectrum of beta-lactamases and is active against a wide range of both aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. It has few side effects and is reported to be safe and effective in aged patients and in patients with hematologic disorders.
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing beta-D-galactose residues in beta-galactosides. Deficiency of beta-Galactosidase A1 may cause GANGLIOSIDOSIS, GM1.
An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.
Members of the beta-globin family. In humans, they are encoded in a gene cluster on CHROMOSOME 11. They include epsilon-globin, gamma-globin, delta-globin and beta-globin. There is also a pseudogene of beta (theta-beta) in the gene cluster. Adult HEMOGLOBIN is comprised of two ALPHA-GLOBIN chains and two beta-globin chains.
Luteinizing Hormone, Beta Subunit
The beta subunit of luteinizing hormone. It is a 15-kDa glycopolypeptide with structure similar to the beta subunit of the placental chorionic gonadatropin (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN) except for the additional 31 amino acids at the C-terminal of CG-beta. Full biological activity of LH requires the non-covalently bound heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit. Mutation of the LHB gene causes HYPOGONADISM and infertility.
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