Munc13 Homology Domain-1 in CAPS/UNC31 Mediates SNARE Binding Required for Priming Vesicle Exocytosis.
Summary of "Munc13 Homology Domain-1 in CAPS/UNC31 Mediates SNARE Binding Required for Priming Vesicle Exocytosis."
Neuropeptide and peptide hormone secretion from neural and endocrine cells occurs by Ca(2+)-triggered dense-core vesicle exocytosis. The membrane fusion machinery consisting of vesicle and plasma membrane SNARE proteins needs to be assembled for Ca(2+)-triggered vesicle exocytosis. The related Munc13 and CAPS/UNC31 proteins that prime vesicle exocytosis are proposed to promote SNARE complex assembly. CAPS binds SNARE proteins and stimulates SNARE complex formation on liposomes, but the relevance of SNARE binding to CAPS function in cells had not been determined. Here we identify a core SNARE-binding domain in CAPS as corresponding to Munc13 homology domain-1 (MHD1). CAPS lacking a single helix in MHD1 was unable to bind SNARE proteins or to support the Ca(2+)-triggered exocytosis of either docked or newly arrived dense-core vesicles. The results show that MHD1 is a SNARE-binding domain and that SNARE protein binding is essential for CAPS function in dense-core vesicle exocytosis.
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Cell metabolism
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21803295
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2011.07.002
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A superfamily of small proteins which are involved in the MEMBRANE FUSION events, intracellular protein trafficking and secretory processes. They share a homologous SNARE motif. The SNARE proteins are divided into subfamilies: QA-SNARES; QB-SNARES; QC-SNARES; and R-SNARES. The formation of a SNARE complex (composed of one each of the four different types SNARE domains (Qa, Qb, Qc, and R)) mediates MEMBRANE FUSION. Following membrane fusion SNARE complexes are dissociated by the NSFs (N-ETHYLMALEIMIDE-SENSITIVE FACTORS), in conjunction with SOLUBLE NSF ATTACHMENT PROTEIN, i.e., SNAPs (no relation to SNAP 25.)
A subfamily of Q-SNARE PROTEINS which occupy the same position in the SNARE complex as the C-terminal SNARE domain of SNAP-25 and which also are most similar to the C-terminal region of SNAP-25 in their AMINO ACID SEQUENCE.
A subfamily of Q-SNARE PROTEINS which occupy the same position in the SNARE complex as the N-terminal SNARE domain of SNAP-25 and which also are most similar to the N-terminal region of SNAP-25 in their AMINO ACID SEQUENCE.
Soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive Factor Attachment Proteins
SNARE binding proteins that facilitate the ATP hydrolysis-driven dissociation of the SNARE complex. They are required for the binding of N-ETHYLMALEIMIDE-SENSITIVE PROTEIN (NSF) to the SNARE complex which also stimulates the ATPASE activity of NSF. They are unrelated structurally to SNAP-25 PROTEIN.
Phospholipase C Delta
A phosphoinositide phospholipase C subtype that is structurally defined by the presence of an N-terminal pleckstrin-homology and EF-hand domains, a central catalytic domain, and a C-terminal calcium-dependent membrane-binding domain.
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