Inflammatory diseases of the spinal column and the myelon.
Summary of "Inflammatory diseases of the spinal column and the myelon."
Inflammatory diseases of the spine and the spinal cord (myelon) can be caused by a wide range of pathological conditions. Except for degenerative inflammatory diseases of the spine, infectious and autoimmune disorders are relatively rare. The latter can also be a significant source of pain and disability, especially if these hard to diagnose conditions go untreated. In cases of advanced disease some entities, such as spondylodiscitis or rheumatoid arthritis can cause severe neurological impairment especially by progressive intraspinal spread. Inflammation of the myelon cannot be depicted with conventional radiographs in general and by computed tomography only occasionally. In these cases magnetic resonance imaging is the method of choice to detect early abnormalities of the myelon and to provide detailed information for the differential diagnosis.
Abteilung für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Neuroradiologie, Klinik für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Universitätsspital Basel, Petersgraben 4, CH-4031, Basel, Schweiz, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Der Radiologe
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21826567
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00117-011-2144-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Spinal Cord Diseases
Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.
Sensory ganglia located on the dorsal spinal roots within the vertebral column. The spinal ganglion cells are pseudounipolar. The single primary branch bifurcates sending a peripheral process to carry sensory information from the periphery and a central branch which relays that information to the spinal cord or brain.
Spinal Cord Ischemia
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.
The spinal or vertebral column.
PURPOSE: Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is a clinical entity in which symptoms are induced through excessive tension on the spinal cord. The radiological method of choice to confirm TCS is magnetic reso...
Study design:Survey of expert opinion, feedback and final consensus.Objectives:To describe the development of the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Spinal Column Injury Basic Data Set.Setting:Int...
Current neck injury criteria are based on structural failure of the spinal (vertebral) column without consideration of injury to the spinal cord. Since one of the primary functions of the vertebral co...
Retrospective cohort study and technical report.
Spinal cord sarcoidosis is a rare manifestation of sarcoidosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spinal cord sarcoidosis sometimes resembles that of the non-inflammatory spinal cord lesion. (18)F-f...
Muscular stability is essential to the spinal column to avoid harmful strain and injury to its structures. Sudden postural disturbances impose reactive internal forces through the spine. I...
The SpinalMouse is a computer-assisted medical device that measures and graphically reports on posture and range of motion of the axial spine. The data has shown to be highly valid and rep...
The primary objective of this study is to assess the effects of varying pulse width in suprathreshold dorsal column stimulation in patients with low back pain.
The purpose of this study is to gain initial safety and efficacy data on the experimental agent REN-1654 in patients with pain that radiates down the leg(s), and is typical of sciatica (lu...
The goal of this study is to evaluate a surgical procedure (operation) that reroutes lumbar to sacral nerves in the spinal column to improve the bladder's ability to empty properly in pati...