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We evaluated antifungal activity as assessed by the contact time in topical use of gentian violet (GV) and povidone-iodine (PI) against Candida strains. A total of 102 yeast isolates were used in this study. A markedly lower minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC)(90) of GV than of PI was detected for all yeast isolates. No remarkable difference in the MICs was observed among the identical strains isolated from different clinical sites for both GV and PI. Although the minimal fungicidal activities (MFCs) of PI were identical for all tested time points, the fungicidal activity of GV decreased during the time course of incubation. These results indicate that, whereas GV is more effective than PI, the topical disinfectant efficacy of GV should be estimated using the MFC(5 min) and not the MIC or the MFC(24 h) for overall prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections and oral infections.
Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org.
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To determine the minimum effective concentration of povidone-iodine that reduces the bacterial load by 3-log10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration requirement for antiseptic agents, and to study al...
Compare the safety and efficacy of topical gentian violet (GV) to that of nystatin oral suspension (NYS) for the treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis (OC) in HIV-1 infected adults in resource-limite...
To compare povidone-iodine 1.25% ophthalmic solution to topical antibiotics for treatment of bacterial keratitis in areas of the world where use of effective topical antibiotics may not be an option.
This report provides updated endophthalmitis rates for eyes receiving intravitreous injections with and without povidone-iodine and rates with and without topical antibiotics from Diabetic Retinopathy...
Baby shampoo is used as an alternative surgical skin preparation, but the evidence supporting its use is scarce with no descriptions of efficacy in the periocular region. The authors compare the effic...
To determine if routinely available 10% povidone-iodine swabs are more effective than saline and 3M Skin and Nasal Antiseptic 5% Povidone-Iodine USP for decolonizing MRSA.
In resource constrained societies and where HIV is a problem, oral thrush causes significant morbidity. In adults, ketoconazole is used and sometimes oral nystatin. Both drugs are relative...
The investigators have few options for skin antisepsis. Alternatives for povidone-iodine, which is the most commonly used agent, are costly or ineffective. To have more options, this study...
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A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
Stable iodine atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iodine, but differ in atomic weight. I-127 is the only naturally occurring stable iodine isotope.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.