Hydrogen sulfide interacts with nitric oxide in the heart -Possible involvement of nitroxyl.

07:39 EDT 18th April 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Hydrogen sulfide interacts with nitric oxide in the heart -Possible involvement of nitroxyl."

Aims The present study aims to investigate the interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), the two important gaseous mediators in rat hearts. Methods and Results Intracellular calcium in isolated cardiomyocytes was measured with a spectrofluorometric method using fura-2. Myocyte contractility was measured with a video edge system. NaHS (50 muM, an H(2)S donor) had no significant effect on the resting calcium level, electrically-induced calcium transients and cell contractility in ventricular myocytes. Stimulating endogenous NO production with L-arginine or exogenous application of NO donors [sodium nitroprusside (SNP) and 2-(N,N-Diethylamino)-diazenolate-2-oxide (DEA/NO)] decreased myocyte twitch amplitudes accompanied by slower velocities of both cell contraction and relaxation. Surprisingly, NaHS reversed the negative inotropic and lucitropic effects of the above three NO increasing agents. In addition, the mixture of SNP+NaHS increased, whereas SNP alone decreased, the resting calcium level and the amplitudes of electrically-induced calcium transients. Angeli's salt, a nitroxyl anion (HNO) donor, mimicked the effect of SNP+NaHS on calcium handling and myocyte contractility. Three thiols, N-acetyl-cysteine, L-cysteine and glutathione, abolished the effects of HNO and SNP+NaHS on myocyte contraction. Neither Rp-cAMP [100 muM, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor] nor Rp-cGMP ([10 muM, a protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitor]) affected the effects of SNP+NaHS, suggesting a cAMP/PKA or cGMP/PKG independent mechanism. Conclusions H(2)S may interact with NO to form HNO which produces positive inotropic and lusitropic effects. Our findings may shed a light on the interaction of NO and H(2)S and provide new clues to treat cardiovascular diseases.


Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, 117597, Singapore.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cardiovascular research
ISSN: 1755-3245


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Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina and heart attack), heart failure, congenital heart disease and stroke. It is also known as heart and circulatory disease. Coron...


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