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SummaryThe investigation presented in this paper was conducted on the effect of oocytes activation on frozen-thawed human immature oocytes followed by in vitro maturation (IVM). A total of 386 failed-matured oocytes (germinal vesicle (GV) and metaphase I (MI) stages) was randomly divided into two groups: fresh group and vitrification group, GV group and MI group, respectively). The matured oocytes were subject to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) after IVM had been carried out. The vitrification group was randomly divided into two groups: controlled and artificial oocyte activation (AOA). The injected oocytes in the controlled group were cultured in cleavage medium. The AOA group oocytes were activated by exposing them to 7% anhydrous alcohol for 6 min then cultured in cleavage medium as well. The rates of fertilization and early embryonic development were compared between the controlled and AOA groups. In MI vitrification group, the high-quality embryo formation rate and blastocyst formation rate were significantly higher in the AOA group than in the controlled group (P < 0.01). In the GV vitrification group, the high-quality embryo formation rate was significantly higher in the AOA group than in the controlled group (P < 0.05). These results indicate that AOA may be good for early embryonic development of vitrified immature human oocytes.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Zygote (Cambridge, England)
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Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
An egg yolk phosphoglycoprotein which contains about 90% of the yolk protein phosphorus. It is synthesized in the liver of the hen and transferred to the developing oocyte, where it is bound to lipoproteins within the yolk granules.
Interactive processes between the oocyte (OVUM) and the sperm (SPERMATOZOA) including sperm adhesion, ACROSOME REACTION, sperm penetration of the ZONA PELLUCIDA, and events leading to FERTILIZATION.
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