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Negative expectancy appraisals and defeatist performance beliefs and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.

23:19 EDT 17th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Negative expectancy appraisals and defeatist performance beliefs and negative symptoms of schizophrenia."

Negative symptoms have clear functional implications in schizophrenia and are typically unresponsive to current treatments. The cognitive model of negative symptoms suggests that dysfunctional beliefs are influential in the development and maintenance of negative symptoms and schizophrenia. The current study reports on a preliminary investigation of a new measure of Negative Expectancy Appraisals (specifically beliefs about limited probability of success and perception of limited cognitive resources), and also evaluates whether dysfunctional beliefs are more closely linked to particular subdomains of negative symptoms. Sixty two individuals with schizophrenia completed measures of dysfunctional beliefs and were rated on negative symptoms. Analyses indicated that the endorsement of beliefs regarding low expectations for success and perception of limited resources (Negative Expectancy Appraisals) are robustly associated with diminished experience negative symptoms (avolition, asociality, and anhedonia), but are not associated with negative symptoms reflecting diminished expressivity (blunted affect, alogia). Similarly, Defeatist Performance Beliefs are modestly related to diminished experience, but not diminished expression, negative symptoms. Negative Expectancy Appraisals were also robustly linked to depressive symptoms. Results from the current study provide evidence that dysfunctional beliefs are clearly relevant to consider in relation to negative symptoms, and may represent a fruitful treatment target.

Affiliation

Department of Psychology, University of Maryland College Park, Biology-Psychology Building, College Park, MD 20742, USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Psychiatry research
ISSN: 0165-1781
Pages: 43-8

Links

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