Leptin and breast cancer: an overview.
Summary of "Leptin and breast cancer: an overview."
Leptin is a well-known mediator of obesity. Leptin and its receptor are overexpressed in breast cancer, especially in high-grade tumors. It has an association with progression and poor survival of breast cancer. Leptin can regulate endothelial cell proliferation and promote angiogenesis. There are several other factors such as insulin and HER2 may be involved in the relationship between leptin and breast cancer. Leptin system has emerged as a new and promising therapeutic target for breast cancer. This review article summarizes the current knowledge about the relation of leptin and breast cancer.
Division of Medical Oncology, Selcuk University Meram Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21877194
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-011-0056-0
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
Cell surface receptors for obesity factor (LEPTIN), a hormone secreted by the WHITE ADIPOCYTES. Upon leptin-receptor interaction, the signal is mediated through the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to regulate food intake, energy balance and fat storage.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.