Judgments of Sexual Orientation and Masculinity-Femininity Based on Thin Slices of Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Comparison.
Summary of "Judgments of Sexual Orientation and Masculinity-Femininity Based on Thin Slices of Behavior: A Cross-Cultural Comparison."
Studies of North Americans suggest that laypeople can judge the sexual orientation of others with greater than chance accuracy based on brief observations of their behavior (i.e., "gaydar" exists). One factor that appears to contribute to these judgments is targets' degree of masculinity-femininity. However, behaviors related to sexual orientation and to masculinity-femininity might vary across cultures. Thus, cross-cultural work is needed to test whether judgments of sexual orientation are more accurate when targets and raters are from the same culture. American and Czech male targets, 38 homosexual and 41 heterosexual, were videotaped and brief segments of the videotapes were presented to American and Czech raters. Overall, raters' judgments of targets' sexual orientation were related to targets' self-reported sexual orientation. However, the relationship was stronger when targets were judged by raters from their own country. In general, results suggest that there are both cross-cultural similarities and differences in gaydar and in cues related to sexual orientation.
Department of Anthropology, Charles University, Husnikova 2075, 1500, Prague 5, Czech Republic, firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Archives of sexual behavior
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21879429
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-011-9818-1
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological
Disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiologic changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
Female-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
A sexual disorder occurring in a person 16 years or older and that is recurrent with intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 or younger). (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994).
The processes of anatomical and physiological changes related to sexual or reproductive functions during the life span of a human or an animal, from FERTILIZATION to DEATH. These processes include SEX DIFFERENTIATION; SEXUAL MATURATION; and changes during AGING.
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