Hematoma of the ligamentum flavum in the thoracic spine: report of two cases and possible role of the transforming growth factor beta-vascular endothelial growth factor signaling axis in its pathogenesis.

Summary of "Hematoma of the ligamentum flavum in the thoracic spine: report of two cases and possible role of the transforming growth factor beta-vascular endothelial growth factor signaling axis in its pathogenesis."

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan,

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
ISSN: 1436-2023


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The paired bands of yellow elastic tissue that connect adjoining laminae of the vertebrae. With the laminae, it forms the posterior wall of the spinal canal and helps hold the body erect.

A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.

Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.

A type of juvenile osteochondrosis affecting the fibrocartilaginous disc (INTERVERTEBRAL DISK) in the thoracic or thoracolumbar region of the SPINE. It is characterized by a forward concave SPINAL CURVATURE or KYPHOSIS.

Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.

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