Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Dry period and early post-partum management are decisive factors for fertility in lactating dairy cows. Previous studies have shown that decreased dry matter intake (DMI) and increased non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) negatively affect fertility and subsequent milk production. The traditional dry period decreases DMI prior to parturition, resulting in a decrease in energy intake. A negative energy balance increases NEFA concentration, and increased NEFA may impair the immune system, especially by decreasing neutrophil function prior to parturition. Earlier studies have shown that post-partum health disorders, including retained placenta and metritis, were correlated with periparturient neutrophil function. In addition, decreased DMI is also linked to a reduced body condition score (BCS) in dairy cows. These events in the periparturient period negatively affect fertility. Some manipulation, such as shortening the dry period, may be a solution to increased DMI in the periparturient period, preventing post-partum disorders and subsequent fertility issues. This article aims to explain the effects of shortening the dry period on reproduction and early post-partum treatments to improve fertility. In addition, timed artificial insemination protocols will be discussed for use during the post-partum period to improve fertility in dairy cows.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Uludag, Bursa, Turkey Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene
The global epidemic of obesity has led to an increasing number of obese women of reproductive age. Obesity is associated with reduced fertility, and pregnancies complicated by maternal obesity are ass...
Downer cow syndrome (DCS) is often diagnosed in dairy cattle during the early post-partum period. The etiology of this condition is not completely understood, as it can be related to the energetic or ...
The objectives of this study were to (1) quantify current reproduction management practices, and (2) assess the association between these practices and herd reproductive performance on dairy farms in ...
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of some antioxidant vitamins and trace elements on some metabolic and postpartum reproductive profiles in dairy cows during transition period. ...
This study will recruit women with post partum pre-eclampsia and match them to controls without postpartum pre-eclampsia to identify an epigenetic signature that is specific to women with ...
The incidence of severe post-partum hemorrhage has been increasing in developed countries. The reason for this is at least partially unknown. Surgical techniques, holistic treatment protoc...
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate whether the management of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) exposure optimization testing reduces 5-FU related ...
Investigators will conduct a randomized controlled trial to determine whether the addition of battlefield auricular acupuncture (BFA) to standard of care is effective for control of postpa...
Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) during pregnancy occurs in approximately 70% of females and 38% of women continue to suffer PGP symptoms beyond 12 weeks following delivery. PGP post- partum cause...
The management of all procurement, distribution, and storage of equipment and supplies, as well as logistics management including laundry, processing of reusables, etc.
Participation of employees with management as a labor-management team, in decisions pertaining to the operational activities of the organization or industry.
Business management of medical and dental practices that may include capital financing, utilization management, and arrangement of capitation agreements with other parties.
Management review designed to evaluate efficiency and to identify areas in need of management improvement within the institution in order to ensure effectiveness in meeting organizational goals.
Voluntarily-formed groups of healthcare professionals who join for common management services and other benefits such as collective bargaining agreements with reimbursement agents. The physical assets of a practice are controlled by the MSO which also provides billing, collections, and similar services. The practitioner retains control of patient records and management of patient care.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...