Selective regional perfusion of the bilateral external carotid arteries with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and melphalan to treat metastatic malignant melanoma of the scalp.
Summary of "Selective regional perfusion of the bilateral external carotid arteries with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and melphalan to treat metastatic malignant melanoma of the scalp."
Summary We present the case of a 79-year-old patient with extensive metastatic malignant melanoma (MM) of the scalp. Cutaneous MM of the head and neck often presents a therapeutic challenge. Radical surgical procedures and conventional chemotherapy are often unfeasible and contraindicated because of the difficult anatomy, the extent of the tumour process, and systemic toxicity. In our patient, selective intra-arterial perfusion with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and melphalan was performed after catheterization of both bilateral external carotid arteries with an arterial port system. PLD 4.5 mg/m(2) and melphalan (1.35 mg/m(2), followed by 2.7 mg/m(2) after reaching tolerance) were given as short-term infusions at two-weekly intervals into the right and left external carotid arteries, respectively. After eight applications with tolerable side-effects, no MM cells were detected; however, infiltrates of lymphocytes and melanophages were seen. This case suggests that intra-arterial chemotherapy may be a useful treatment for metastatic melanoma of the scalp.
Dermatology and Venerology Clinic, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg, Germany.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Clinical and experimental dermatology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20659118
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2230.2010.03906.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Carotid Artery Diseases
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
Carotid Artery, Common
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
Carotid Artery Injuries
Damages to the CAROTID ARTERIES caused either by blunt force or penetrating trauma, such as CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; THORACIC INJURIES; and NECK INJURIES. Damaged carotid arteries can lead to CAROTID ARTERY THROMBOSIS; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; pseudoaneurysm formation; and INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY DISSECTION. (From Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1997, 18:251; J Trauma 1994, 37:473)
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
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