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Esophageal leiomyoma is the most common benign tumor of the esophagus. The lower and middle thirds of the esophagus are the most frequent locations of these tumors and in about one-third of the patients they occur at the level of the gastroesophageal junction. They are less than 5 cm in size in 50% of the patients. A left thoracotomy, thoracoscopy or a laparoscopic approach can be used for lesions in the lower third of the esophagus. Esophageal leiomyomas should be considered for resection when symptomatic. Preoperative evaluation allows precise characterization of the diagnosis and location. Minimally invasive surgery is considered today the treatment of choice with the laparoscopic approach used for distal tumors. We present the case of a 63-year-old woman with an esophageal leiomyoma located above the gastroesophageal junction who underwent a successful laparoscopic excision of the tumor.
Department of General, Emergency and Transplant Surgery (GENURTO), Unit of General and Emergency Surgery, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Updates in surgery
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A relatively rare smooth muscle tumor found most frequently in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract, especially in the stomach. It is similar to other smooth muscle tumors but may become very large and hemorrhage and exhibit small cystic areas. Simple excision is almost always curative. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1354)
A pathological condition characterized by the presence of a number of ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULA in the ESOPHAGUS.
Disorders affecting the motor function of the UPPER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER; the ESOPHAGUS body, or a combination of these parts. The failure of the sphincters to maintain a tonic pressure may result in gastric reflux of food and acid into the esophagus (GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX). Other disorders include hypermotility (spastic disorders) and markedly increased amplitude in contraction (nutcracker esophagus).
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