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The Effects of Physical Exercise on the Serum Iron Profile in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.

Summary of "The Effects of Physical Exercise on the Serum Iron Profile in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats."

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the profile of serum iron in spontaneously hypertensive rats after an aerobic physical exercise. To accomplish this, 12 normotensive Wistar rats and 12 spontaneously hypertensive rats were distributed into "physical exercise" and "no physical exercise" groups. The animals in the physical exercise group underwent to an aerobic exercise for a total of 4 weeks. Blood was collected for the analysis of iron. Our results indicate that rats of the physical exercise group had significantly lower serum iron levels after the aerobic exercise protocol compared to the spontaneously hypertensive rats no physical exercise group (F ((3,16)) = 4.4915, p < 0.01). No significant difference was found between no physical exercise groups. The results indicated that the difference in iron may be due to an increased demand for iron, prompted by chronic physical exercise. In addition, erythrocytosis has been associated with increased blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats, suggesting that iron reduction may be related to decreased blood pressure in these animals.

Affiliation

Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Prof. Francisco de Castro, 93, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, miriam.kfrank@yahoo.com.br.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biological trace element research
ISSN: 1559-0720
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).

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Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.

Transient reduction in blood pressure levels immediately after exercises that lasts 2-12 hours. The reduction varies but is typically 5-20 mm Hg when compared to pre-exercise levels. It exists both in normotensive and hypertensive individuals and may play a role in excercise related PHYSIOLOGIC ADAPTATION.

Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

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