Advertisement

Topics

The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions designed to improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) amongst asthmatic children and their families: a systematic review.

Summary of "The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions designed to improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) amongst asthmatic children and their families: a systematic review."


PURPOSE:
Asthmatic children are at risk of compromised health-related quality of life (HRQOL) compared with their healthy peers. This systematic review reports the range and effectiveness of psychosocial interventions designed to improve HRQOL amongst asthmatic children, adolescents, and their families.
METHOD:
Data sources included The Cochrane Airways Group Trials Register of trials, PubMed database, and reference lists from review articles.
RESULTS:
Eighteen studies of psychosocial interventions were identified. Interventions were designed to improve HRQOL amongst a range of psychosocial, health care, school-related and clinical outcomes, and were delivered in numerous settings and formats. Four studies reported that interventions were effective for significant improvements in child overall HRQOL scores. These include asthma education (n = 2), asthma education plus problem solving (n = 1), and art therapy (n = 1).
CONCLUSIONS:
Most interventions focussed on the delivery of asthma education to children, with the purpose of improving knowledge about asthma and disease management. There is limited evidence to suggest that interventions currently available are effective for significantly improving HRQOL amongst asthmatic children, adolescents, and their families. Most interventions lacked a theoretical basis and did not focus on family functioning variables. Multi-component interventions that incorporate asthma education along with strategies to assist families with implementing behaviour change towards improved asthma management are required. Future interventions should also attempt to address the wider context of family functioning likely to contribute to the family's ability to engage in successful asthma management in order to improve HRQOL.

Affiliation

Division of Clinical Psychology, University of Manchester, 2nd Floor, Zochonis Building, Brunswick Street, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK, sally.clarke@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation
ISSN: 1573-2649
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [43453 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Psychosocial interventions to improve outcomes among dialysis patients.

Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) report high levels of emotional problems and poor compliance with treatment and quality of life. Nevertheless, there are not many studies which examine the...

Defining health-related quality of life for young wheelchair users: A qualitative health economics study.

Wheelchairs for children with impaired mobility provide health, developmental and psychosocial benefits, however there is limited understanding of how mobility aids affect the health-related quality o...

Impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on quality of life in people with diabetespresenting to a specialist diabetes clinic.

Quality of life is an important health-related factor that has an impact on all health interventions. The aim of the study was to assess psychosocial outcomes in people with diabetes.

Systematic review of the effectiveness of health-related behavioral interventions using portable activity sensing devices (PASDs).

Portable activity sensing devices (PASDs) have received significant interest as tools for objectively measuring activity-related parameters and promoting health-related outcomes. Studies of PASDs sugg...

Nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life in heart failure: an integrative review.

to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature.

Clinical Trials [15240 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effectiveness of a Psycho-educational Group (PEG) Intervention on Supportive Care and Survivorship Issues in Early-stage Breast Cancer Survivors Who Have Received Systemic Treatment

As cancer mortality rates improve in Asia, there is an increasing focus on patient-reported outcomes and survivorship issues. In view of the numerous medication and psychosocial issues tha...

Psychosocial Functioning in Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

Background: The often studied psychosocial correlates that relate to health outcomes in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) are factors such as self-efficacy, depression, distress, qual...

Patient Function/Fitness and Psychosocial Health in Improving Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Stage I-IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This pilot trial studies patient function/fitness and psychosocial health in improving health-related quality of life and decreasing treatment-related toxicity in patients with stage I-IV ...

Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Bladder Cancer

RATIONALE: Gathering information about quality of life in patients with cancer may improve the ability to plan treatment and may help patients live more comfortably. PURPOSE: This clinica...

Alternative Stress Management Approaches in HIV Disease

The overall purpose of the proposed study is to determine whether three short-term stress management interventions along with booster strategies will improve and sustain improvements in ps...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.

Using certified ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS technology to improve quality, safety, efficiency, and reduce HEALTHCARE DISPARITIES; engage patients and families in their health care; improve care coordination; improve population and public health; while maintaining privacy and security.

The application of industrial management practice to systematically maintain and improve organization-wide performance. Effectiveness and success are determined and assessed by quantitative quality measures.

Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)

Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Pulmonary
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza,  Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...


Searches Linking to this Article