Prevalence of BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms in West Africans.
Summary of "Prevalence of BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms in West Africans."
Background:BPH and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are very common among older men in Western countries. However, the prevalence of these two conditions in the developing countries is less clear.Methods:We assessed the age-standardized prevalence of BPH and/or LUTS among West Africans in a probability sample of 950 men aged 50-74 in Accra, Ghana, with no evidence of biopsy-confirmed prostate cancer after screening with PSA and digital rectal examination (DRE). Information on LUTS was based on self-reports of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS). BPH was estimated using DRE, PSA levels and imputed prostate volume.Results:The prevalence of DRE-detected enlarged prostate was 62.3%, while that of PSA1.5 ng ml(-1) (an estimate of prostate volume 30 cm(3)) was 35.3%. The prevalence of moderate-to-severe LUTS (IPSS8) was 19.9%. The prevalence of IPSS8 and an enlarged prostate on DRE was 13.3%. Although there is no universally agreed-upon definition of BPH/LUTS, making comparisons across populations difficult, BPH and/or LUTS appear to be quite common among older Ghanaian men.Conclusions:We found that after age standardization, the prevalence of DRE-detected enlarged prostate in Ghanaian men is higher than previously reported for American men, but the prevalence of LUTS was lower than previously reported for African Americans. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings and identify the risk factors for BPH in both Africans and African Americans.Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases advance online publication, 13 September 2011; doi:10.1038/pcan.2011.43.
UC Berkeley School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Prostate cancer and prostatic diseases
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21912428
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/pcan.2011.43
To examine the changes in lower urinary tract symptoms after open radical prostatectomy, laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and brachytherapy and to determine which treatment resulted in improved lowe...
Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urinary incontinence (UI) in elementary school aged children in Manisa. Materials and Methods: Dysfunctional Void...
To examine the distribution of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in women >65y old presenting to the emergency department following a fall or fall related injury.
This study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence and predictors of storage lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women attending a menopause clinic.
Results of urodynamic studies performed in female patients are often difficult to interpret. The objective of the study was to develop a nomogram that would help in diagnosing functional bladder outle...
To the investigators knowledge there is no research data published to date regarding the lower urinary tract symptoms in women with leiomyomas. The primary aims of this study are: 1. T...
The hypothesis of the study is to examine whether L-O-M® Multi-Carotenoids (MCS) is safe and effective in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hype...
This is a prevalence study evaluating lower urinary tract, prolapse, bowel, and sexual symptoms in women with a colorectal disorder who are planning to undergo surgery. The purpose of thi...
The hypothesis of the study is to examine whether MCS-2 is safe and effective in the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Clinical study to examine the safety, tolerability and efficacy of long-term combination therapy of tamsulosin and solifenacin in the treatment of males with lower urinary tract symptoms (...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lower urinary tract symptom, such as slow urinary stream, associated with PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA in older men.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
Painful URINATION. It is often associated with infections of the lower URINARY TRACT.
A second-generation cephalosporin administered intravenously or intramuscularly. Its bactericidal action results from inhibition of cell wall synthesis. It is used for urinary tract infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and soft tissue and bone infections.
Properties, functions, and processes of the URINARY TRACT as a whole or of any of its parts.