Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Regulatory T (Treg) cells are a subpopulation of T cells with the ability to control the responses of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. A case-control study was conducted in order to determine the functional attributes of Treg cells within the breast cancer milieu. Triple-color flow cytometry was utilized to study the phenotype expression of CD4+CD25+ Treg cells and CD8+ T cells in autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) derived from 33 patients with stage I-III breast cancer. The prevalence of CD4+CD25+ T cells was significantly higher in TILs than in PBLs. The expressions of FOXP3 and GITR in CD4+CD25+ Treg cells were lower in PBLs than in TILs. Functional studies showed that both granzyme B and perforin were barely expressed in peripheral Treg cells but were highly expressed in Treg cells in the tumor microenvironment. On the contrary, down-regulation of both granzyme B and perforin expressed in the CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes was significantly lower in TILs than in PBLs. Further functional assays demonstrated that Th1 cytokines and cytotoxic molecules were synchronously up-regulated in CD8+ cytotoxic T cells. The in vitro kinetic study showed that adequate activation of TILs derived from breast cancer tissue could restore the appropriate antitumor immune response.
Department of Surgery, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Taipei Branch, Taipei, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Immunologic research
Inappropriate activation or inadequate regulation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells may contribute to the initiation and progression of multiple autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Studies on disease-associa...
Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells play important roles in antimicrobial defense and immune-regulation. We have previously shown that iNKT cells express certain toll-like receptors (TLR), and tha...
The complex interaction between cells undergoing transformation and the various stromal and immunological cell components of the tumor microenvironment (TME) crucially influences cancer progression an...
In the past two decades it has become clear that in addition to antigen presentation and antibody production B cells play prominent roles in immune regulation. While B cell-derived IL-10 has garnered ...
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are well known regulators of regulatory T cells (Treg cells); however, the direct regulation of MDSCs by Treg cells has not been well characterized. We find t...
New therapeutic approaches of MS are emerging, targeting different actors of the immune system. Some of them target a specific population of white blood cells: B lymphocytes composed of di...
The immune system response is mediated by the interaction between the antigen presenting cell (APC), CD4+ T helper cells (Th) and CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cells, a subgroup of CD4+ T cell w...
Emotion-related brain activation is made visible for patients via neurofeedback with the aim to improve discriminability of emotional arousal and emotion regulation. With functional magnet...
Mucosal inflammation in patients with UC is the result of immunosuppression disturbance because decreasing number of regulatory T ly and activation IL 17
Lymphoid follicles, consisting of T-and B cells, are involved in the chronic inflammatory response in COPD. Foxp3 positive regulatory T cells (Tregs) are present in these follicles and may...
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
A cysteine endopeptidase found in NATURAL KILLER CELLS and CYTOTOXIC T-LYMPHOCYTES. It may have a specific function in the mechanism or regulation of cytolytic activity of immune cells.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Track and monitor developments in breast cancer research and commercial development. Follow the tabs above to read the latest global news, research, clinical trials on breast cancer and follow companies active in the development of breast cancer tr...