How staff pursue questions to adults with intellectual disabilities.
Summary of "How staff pursue questions to adults with intellectual disabilities."
Backgroundâ When support staff use questions to instruct, advise or guide adults with intellectual disabilities (ID), or to solicit information from them, the interaction does not always proceed smoothly, particularly when replies are ambiguous, absent or not obviously relevant. That can lead to interactional trouble and dissatisfaction, or worse. Methodsâ We report on the ways in which staff members transform their questions over a series of conversational turns in order to solicit an adequate reply, and thereby to fulfil the interactional goal of the question. Our data come from approximately 30âh of recordings of natural conversation between staff members and adults with ID in two residential and one outdoor activities settings. Resultsâ We identify seven practices by which staff attempt to resolve the dilemma between undue direction and premature closure. These include: expansion of the original question, simplifying its format, changing its content in various ways and realising its alternatives in physical form. Conclusionsâ We highlight strategies which produce answers satisfactory to both parties, and improve the quality of interaction between staff and people with ID.
Department of Psychology, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK Department of Social Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21917051
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2011.01478.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
Works consisting of compilations of questions and answers pertaining to a particular subject, used for study and review.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.
The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Backgroundâ Staff can encourage adults with intellectual disabilities to reflect on their experiences in a number of ways. Not all are equally successful interactionally. Methodsâ Conversation Ana...
The aims of this study were to (1) determine the energy expenditure of adults with and without intellectual disabilities during common activities of daily living (ADL), (2) use these values to evaluat...
BACKGROUND: This study examines the efficacy of a staff-led, health promotion intervention entitled HealthMatters Program: Train-the-Trainer Model to improve health among adults with intellectual disa...
Backgroundâ Persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities have had regrettably few opportunities to voice their opinions on aspects of research with which they have had direct experience....
Backgroundâ There is little evidence to guide the commissioning of residential provision for adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) in the UK. We aim to explore the degree and impact of diagno...
Relatively few health promotion and disease prevention programs have included or targeted people with disabilities, and even fewer have focused on individuals with intellectual disabilitie...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is any difference in side effects experienced by individuals with intellectual disorders taking Depakote DR (immediate release form)...
In this randomized case control study we will evaluate the additive effect of psychological intervention, i.e CBT-cognitive behavioral treatment in a multi-strategy weight loss program com...
We observed in a randomised intervention trial in Bissau that mortality due to malaria could be reduced by half by adding a small monetary incentive to the staff and strict follow-up of a...
People aging with disabilities such as spinal cord injury (SCI) or multiple sclerosis (MS) report high rates of major depression. Depression frequently adds to the disabilities and sufferi...