Sulforaphane protects SK-N-SH cells against antipsychotic-induced oxidative stress.
Summary of "Sulforaphane protects SK-N-SH cells against antipsychotic-induced oxidative stress."
Adverse reactions to antipsychotic drugs (APs) have been attributed to oxidative stress. Sulforaphane (SF) is a potent antioxidant that protects against dopaminergic cell death. We examined the protective properties of SF against AP-induced oxidative stress in dopaminergic neuroblastoma cells. Human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells were treated with SF (0.5-5 μm), and 24 h later, haloperidol, risperidone or paliperidone (100 μm) was administered, either alone or in combination with dopamine (100 μm). To determine the antioxidant properties of SF, quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) activity, glutathione S-transferase activity, and glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. Oxidative stress was measured by the increase in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and in protein-bound quinones. Cell viability was also assessed. SF treatment increased GSH levels and induced NQO1 activity in SK-N-SH cells. Haloperidol was the only AP that increased TBARS when administered alone. When cells were cocultured with a drug in combination with dopamine, all three APs increased TBARS and protein-bound quinones and also induced neurotoxicity. In all the experimental conditions, 5 μm SF attenuated the accumulation of TBARS and protein-bound quinones and increased cell survival rates. Our results indicate that SF increases GSH levels and induces NQO1 activity and the removal of electrophilic quinones and radical oxygen species. Furthermore, SF could provide protective effects against AP-induced toxicity in dopaminergic cells.
Department of Anatomic Pathology, Pharmacology and Microbiology, University of Barcelona, Casanova 143, E-08036 Barcelona, Spain Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain Centro de Investigación Biomédica en R
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Fundamental & clinical pharmacology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21923690
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1472-8206.2011.00988.x
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A direct-acting oxidative stress-inducing agent used to examine the effects of oxidant stress on Ca(2+)-dependent signal transduction in vascular endothelial cells. It is also used as a catalyst in polymerization reactions and to introduce peroxy groups into organic molecules.
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
The appearance of carbonyl groups (such as aldehyde or ketone groups) in PROTEINS as the result of several oxidative modification reactions. It is a standard marker for OXIDATIVE STRESS. Carbonylated proteins tend to be more hydrophobic and resistant to proteolysis.
Activating Transcription Factor 3
An activating transcription factor that plays a key role in cellular responses to GENOTOXIC STRESS and OXIDATIVE STRESS.
Most antipsychotic drugs are dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2) antagonists and remain the main pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia. Long-term antipsychotic use can give rise to tardive dyskinesia. It...
Abstract Context: Oxidative stress may contribute to lymphedema and subsequent tissue damage. However, the causal role of oxidative stress in lymphedema remains unclear. Objective: We attempted to det...
Chronic administration of antipsychotics has been associated with dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) upregulation and tardive dyskinesia. We have previously shown that haloperidol, a first-generation antipsyc...
Oxidative stress, glutamate excitotoxicity, and inflammation are the important pathological mechanisms in neurodegenerative diseases. Recently, we reported that 2-cyclopropylimino-3-methyl-1,3-thiazol...
Tetramethylpyrazine (TMP), one of the active ingredients isolated from a Chinese herbal prescription, possesses protective effects against oxidative stress caused by high glucose in endothelial cells....
The purpose of the study is to examine whether Klacid® (Clarithromycin) will induce oxidative stress (stress from oxygen) in healthy subjects. This is done by measuring the content of a p...
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the development and complications of diabetes. Hyperglycemia and insulin resistance or insufficiency in diabetes can cause oxidative stress by exces...
The investigators plan to investigate the protective effects of topical sulforaphane-containing broccoli-sprout extracts (BSE) on radiation-induced dermatitis in women undergoing external-...
1. Treatment of Hypercholesterolemic patients with niacin will cause a significant decrease in oxidative stress and a decrease in the atherogenecity in blood samples of the patie...
With the wide use of contrast agents in clinical diagnosis and treatment, contrast induced nephropathy(CIN) accounts for 1/3 of hospital acquired acute renal failure.The mortality rate of...