Robotic prostate biopsy and its relevance to focal therapy of prostate cancer.
Summary of "Robotic prostate biopsy and its relevance to focal therapy of prostate cancer."
Focal therapy is an individualized treatment option for prostate cancer, which destroys localized cancerous tissue but not normal tissue, thus avoiding the morbidities associated with whole-gland therapy. Accurate cancer localization and precise ablation are integral to the success of focal therapy, which remains unproven owing to suboptimal patient selection. Currently, there are no clinical or biopsy features that can identify unifocal prostate cancer and no imaging modality that can accurately diagnose or localize prostate cancer. MRI diagnosis has the best accuracy but high cost and limited access hinder its widespread adoption. New management options, including focal therapy and active surveillance, require prostate biopsy to detect, localize and characterize the cancer. Transrectal prostate biopsy has a high false-negative detection rate, which might be related to an inability to biopsy the anterior and apical part of the prostate or interoperator variation. Transrectal biopsy is also associated with sepsis and bleeding. Robotic transperineal prostate biopsy can overcome the limitations of transrectal procedures. Robotic biopsy is automated with high accuracy, has improved access to the apex and anterior part of the prostate and has low risk of sepsis. Furthermore, it involves only two skin punctures, compared with template-based transperineal prostate biopsy, which can result in multiple wounds. Robotic prostate biopsy fulfills the fundamental needs of focal therapy and might be the platform for future treatment delivery for prostate cancer.
Singapore General Hospital, Urology, Outram Road, Singapore 609108, Singapore.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nature reviews. Urology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21931344
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nrurol.2011.131
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Prostatic Secretory Proteins
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Ultrasound, High-intensity Focused, Transrectal
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Transurethral Resection Of Prostate
Removal of all or part of the PROSTATE, often using a cystoscope and/or resectoscope passed through the URETHRA.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
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