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Liver retransplantation is the only option for people who have a failing liver graft, but it can be technically challenging. Intraperitoneal adhesions often form after abdominal operations, which is true in liver retransplantation as well. Also, the liver hilum is scarred, which makes hilar dissection more difficult. In addition, dissection is further complicated in the setting of portal hypertension.
Venovenous bypass can be used for portomesenteric decompression. We describe an alternative technique for decompression of portal hypertension using an inferior mesenteric vein without placing the patient on venovenous bypass.
Division of Transplant Surgery, Department of Transplantation, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL, 32224, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has evolved to become the treatment of choice for non-resectable recurrent colorectal liver metastasis. It is however, not without complications. Portal vein thrombosis f...
Portal vein tumor thrombus is a frequent, challenging complication in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma patients with portal vein tumor thrombus may show worse liver function, less tr...
In pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with resection of portal vein (PV)/superior mesenteric vein (SMV) confluence, the splenic vein (SV) division may cause left-sided portal hypertension (LPH).
The portal vein is formed by the confluence of the splenic and superior mesenteric veins, which drain the spleen and small intestine respectively. Occlusion of the portal vein by thrombus typically oc...
Portal vein thrombosis is a life-threatening vascular disorder of the liver. In this chapter, I will review the recent advance regarding the epidemiology, etiology, management, and prognosis of portal...
The aim of this study is to prospectively evaluate the tolerance and efficiency of a new technique of preoperative selective portal vein embolization (PVE) in patients requiring major hepa...
Islet transplantation is one of the effective and promising options for type 1 diabetes mellitus treatment1-4. The liver is the primary target location for infusion and portal vein cathete...
To evaluate the values of portosystemic shunt and other interventional radiology approaches for treatment of symptomatic portal hypertension in patients with cavernous transformation of po...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect and safety of anticoagulation after endoscopic therapy in cirrhotic patients with portal vein thrombosis and to explore its effect on l...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possible association between portal vein flow pulsatility and acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. Participants will undergo assessment o...
A type of surgical portasystemic shunt to reduce portal hypertension with associated complications of esophageal varices and ascites. It is performed percutaneously through the jugular vein and involves the creation of an intrahepatic shunt between the hepatic vein and portal vein. The channel is maintained by a metallic stent. The procedure can be performed in patients who have failed sclerotherapy and is an additional option to the surgical techniques of portocaval, mesocaval, and splenorenal shunts. It takes one to three hours to perform. (JAMA 1995;273(23):1824-30)
Anastomosis of splenic vein to renal vein to relieve portal hypertension.
A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
Surgical portasystemic shunt between the portal vein and inferior vena cava.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...