Two new DOSXYZnrc sources for 4D Monte Carlo simulations of continuously variable beam configurations, with applications to RapidArc, VMAT, TomoTherapy and CyberKnife.
Summary of "Two new DOSXYZnrc sources for 4D Monte Carlo simulations of continuously variable beam configurations, with applications to RapidArc, VMAT, TomoTherapy and CyberKnife."
We present two new Monte Carlo sources for the DOSXYZnrc code, which can be used to compute dose distributions due to continuously variable beam configurations. These sources support a continuously rotating gantry and collimator, dynamic multileaf collimator (MLC) motion, variable monitor unit (MU) rate, couch rotation and translation in any direction, arbitrary isocentre motion with respect to the patient and variable source-to-axis distance (SAD). These features make them applicable to Monte Carlo simulations for RapidArc, Elekta VMAT, TomoTherapy and CyberKnife. Unique to these sources is the synchronization between the motion in the DOSXYZnrc geometry and the motion within the linac head, represented by a shared library (either a BEAMnrc accelerator with dynamic component modules, or an external library). The simulations are achieved in single runs, with no intermediate phase space files.
Engineering Physics Program, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physics in medicine and biology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20668344
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0031-9155/55/16/S01
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Monte Carlo Method
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
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The science and application of a double-beam transmission interference microscope in which the illuminating light beam is split into two paths. One beam passes through the specimen while the other beam reflects off a reference mirror before joining and interfering with the other. The observed optical path difference between the two beams can be measured and used to discriminate minute differences in thickness and refraction of non-stained transparent specimens, such as living cells in culture.
Spiral Cone-beam Computed Tomography
Modality of computed tomography in which the patient is irradiated in a spiral path around the body with a cone or pyramid-shaped beam.
Cone-beam Computed Tomography
Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.
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