Lidocaine for prolonged and intensified spinal anesthesia by coadministration of propranolol in the rat.
Summary of "Lidocaine for prolonged and intensified spinal anesthesia by coadministration of propranolol in the rat."
Although the coadministration of lidocaine with propranolol interferes with the metabolic profile (pharmacokinetics), its pharmacodynamics is still unclear. In this report, we investigate whether propranolol can potentiate the effect of lidocaine. Rats received spinal anesthesia with lidocaine co-injected with propranolol. After intrathecal injections of drugs in rats, three neurobehavioral examinations (motor function, proprioception, and nociception) were performed. We showed that lidocaine and propranolol elicited a spinal blockade in motor function, proprioception, and nociception. Propranolol at the dose of 0.82μmol/kg produced no spinal anesthesia. Co-administration of lidocaine [50% effective dose (ED(50)) or ED(95)] and propranolol (0.82μmol/kg) produced greater spinal anesthesia than lidocaine (ED(50) or ED(95)), respectively. These preclinical findings demonstrated that propranolol and lidocaine displayed spinal anesthesia. When combined with propranolol, lidocaine elicited a supra-additive effect of spinal anesthesia.
Department of Physical Therapy, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; Department of Medical Research, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21864650
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2011.08.011
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Spinal Cord Ischemia
Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.
A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p165)
A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of procaine but its duration of action is shorter than that of bupivacaine or prilocaine.
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
A local anesthetic of the amide type now generally used for surface anesthesia. It is one of the most potent and toxic of the long-acting local anesthetics and its parenteral use is restricted to spinal anesthesia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1006)
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