Direct projection from the visual associative cortex to the caudate nucleus in the feline brain.
Summary of "Direct projection from the visual associative cortex to the caudate nucleus in the feline brain."
Recent morphological and physiological studies support the assumption that the extrageniculate ascending tectofugal pathways send visual projection to the caudate nucleus (CN) in amniotes. In the present study we investigate the anatomical connection between the visual associative cortex along the anterior ectosylvian sulcus (AES) and the CN in adult domestic cats. An anterograde tracer - fluoro-dextrane-amine - was injected into the AES cortex. The distribution of labeled axons was not uniform in the CN. The majority of labeled axons and terminal like puncta was found only in a limited area in the dorsal part of the CN between the coordinates anterior 12-15. Furthermore, a retrograde tracer - choleratoxin-B - was injected into the dorsal part of the CN between anterior 12 and 13. We detected a large number of labeled neurons in the fundus and the dorsal part of the AES between the coordinates anterior 12-14. Based upon our recent results we argue that there is a direct monosynaptic connection between the visual associative cortex along the AES and the CN. Beside the posterior thalamus, the AES cortex should also participate in the transmission of the tectal visual information to the CN. This pathway is likely to convey complex information containing both sensory and motor components toward the basal ganglia, which supports their integrative function in visuomotor actions such as motion and novelty detection and saccade generation.
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Neuroscience letters
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21864648
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2011.08.007
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the diencephalon, mesencephalon, and limbic system as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
A pinkish-yellow portion of the midbrain situated in the rostral mesencephalic tegmentum. It receives a large projection from the contralateral half of the CEREBELLUM via the superior cerebellar peduncle and a projection from the ipsilateral MOTOR CORTEX.
An eph family receptor found primarily in the nervous system. In the embryonic BRAIN EphB1 receptor expression occurs in the mantle layer and increases with the progression of embryogenesis. In adult brain it is found in the several regions including the CEREBELLUM; CEREBRAL CORTEX; and CAUDATE NUCLEUS; and PUTAMEN.
Evoked Potentials, Visual
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