Brucellosis relapse causing prosthetic valve endocarditis and aortic root infective pseudoaneurysm.
Summary of "Brucellosis relapse causing prosthetic valve endocarditis and aortic root infective pseudoaneurysm."
We report a previously treated case of brucellosis and aortic root replacement, which became complicated by prosthetic valve endocarditis and a massive aortic root pseudoaneurysm. Preoperative blood and intraoperative pseudoaneurysm wall cultures were positive for Brucella, and the patient was managed successfully with a combination of surgical and medical treatment. Brucella endocarditis is further discussed.
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Annals of thoracic surgery
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21958835
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2011.03.144
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Aortic Valve Prolapse
The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.
Aortic Valve Insufficiency
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
Discrete Subaortic Stenosis
A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
Aortic Valve Stenosis
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
Sinus Of Valsalva
The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.
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