Surgical correction of kyphosis in patients with camptocormia due to Parkinson's disease: a retrospective evaluation.
Summary of "Surgical correction of kyphosis in patients with camptocormia due to Parkinson's disease: a retrospective evaluation."
Camptocormia or 'bent spine syndrome' is a rare manifestation of Parkinson's disease. The postural deformity can be a great source of disability. Camptocormia is typically not responsive to dopaminergic medication. Results with deep brain stimulation to treat camptocormia have been mixed but generally poor. The authors report two cases of camptocormia in Parkinson's disease treated with spinal corrective surgery. Despite prolonged postoperative courses, including a high complication rate and the need for multiple revisions, both patients benefited from the procedures.
Movement Disorders Centre, Division of Neurology, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20667867
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jnnp.2009.176198
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A selective, irreversible inhibitor of Type B monoamine oxidase. It is used in newly diagnosed patients with Parkinson's disease. It may slow progression of the clinical disease and delay the requirement for levodopa therapy. It also may be given with levodopa upon onset of disability. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p385) The compound without isomeric designation is Deprenyl.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
Parkinson Disease, Postencephalitic
Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
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