Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level is associated with serum superoxide dismutase activity and metabolic syndrome in a Japanese population.
Summary of "Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level is associated with serum superoxide dismutase activity and metabolic syndrome in a Japanese population."
Serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level has attracted considerable attention as a predictor of various conditions, such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. Although the mechanism that links the serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level to these diseases is not fully understood, one explanation is that gamma-glutamyltransferase may be closely related to oxidative stress. We conducted a large cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationship between serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and oxidative stress.
We examined anti-oxidative stress activity and accumulation of oxidative stress in serum obtained from 2907 subjects who underwent a complete health check-up. We used serum total superoxide dismutase activity as an index of anti-oxidative stress activity. Superoxide dismutase is one of the most important intracellular and extracellular defense systems against superoxide, but the relationship between serum superoxide dismutase activity and the serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level is unclear.
The serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level was negatively correlated with serum superoxide dismutase activity, a correlation that was observed even within the normal range. A subgroup analysis stratified by the amount of alcohol consumed also showed a similar correlation. In contrast, the serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level was positively correlated with serum lipid peroxide level, even in the normal range. Furthermore, an increased serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level was significantly associated with the progression of metabolic syndrome and carotid artery intima-media thickness.
The serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level, even in the normal range, was significantly associated with anti-oxidative stress activity, the accumulation of oxidative stress, metabolic syndrome, and atherosclerosis. Measuring the serum gamma-glutamyltransferase level is simple and inexpensive, and this level can be used as a sensitive marker of oxidative stress and metabolic syndrome.
Department of Gastroenterology, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of gastroenterology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21976134
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00535-011-0477-8
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
All blood proteins except albumin ( = SERUM ALBUMIN, which is not a globulin) and FIBRINOGEN (which is not in the serum). The serum globulins are subdivided into ALPHA-GLOBULINS; BETA-GLOBULINS; and GAMMA-GLOBULINS on the basis of their electrophoretic mobilities. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Serum containing GAMMA-GLOBULINS which are antibodies for lymphocyte ANTIGENS. It is used both as a test for HISTOCOMPATIBILITY and therapeutically in TRANSPLANTATION.
Immune complex disease caused by the administration of foreign serum or serum proteins and characterized by fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, and urticaria. When they are complexed to protein carriers, some drugs can also cause serum sickness when they act as haptens inducing antibody responses.
Serum Albumin, Radio-iodinated
Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)
Serum globulins that migrate to the gamma region (most positively charged) upon ELECTROPHORESIS. At one time, gamma-globulins came to be used as a synonym for immunoglobulins since most immunoglobulins are gamma globulins and conversely most gamma globulins are immunoglobulins. But since some immunoglobulins exhibit an alpha or beta electrophoretic mobility, that usage is in decline.
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