Upper leg amputation : Transfemoral amputation.
Summary of "Upper leg amputation : Transfemoral amputation."
Amputation through the diaphysis of the femur at the most peripheral level possible. The stump, covered with soft tissue flaps, is free from pain. It can be fitted with a total contact prosthetic socket. The hip joint is preserved with its full range of motion.
When no possibility to amputate at a more distal level through the tibia or the knee joint exists.
When it is possible to amputate at a more distal level. SURGICAL
Symmetrical flaps in the frontal plane are recommended. Asymmetrical flaps and flaps in the sagittal plane can also be made. Their muscles are fixed to each other (myodesis) or the bone end by means of transosseous sutures (myopexy). The ischial nerve has to be shortened about 2 inches proximal to the end of the femur. In peripheral vascular diseases, this procedure is not suitable. An alternative technique is suggested. In chronic osteomyelitis (e.g., after intramedullary nailing), the ventral half of the femur can be removed and the medullary cavity cleansed and filled with a muscular flap in order to maintain length. Lengthening procedures of the femur are discussed. POSTOPERATIVE
Avoid active or passive movement of the stump for the first 2 weeks in order not to disturb healing of the muscle sutures. Physical therapy, prosthetic fitting after 4-6 weeks, according to the expected functional level 0-4. Aids: crutches, wheel chair, adjustable bed, modified hand-controlled automobile. The walking ability of a patient with a double amputation above the knee is severely limited and in patients with peripheral artery disease remains the exception.
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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Operative Orthopadie und Traumatologie
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21975907
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00064-011-0039-5
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.
Amputation or separation at a joint. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Amputation of a lower limb through the sacroiliac joint.
The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.