Advertisement

Topics

Upper leg amputation : Transfemoral amputation.

06:00 EDT 7th October 2011 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Upper leg amputation : Transfemoral amputation."


OBJECTIVE:
Amputation through the diaphysis of the femur at the most peripheral level possible. The stump, covered with soft tissue flaps, is free from pain. It can be fitted with a total contact prosthetic socket. The hip joint is preserved with its full range of motion.
INDICATIONS:
When no possibility to amputate at a more distal level through the tibia or the knee joint exists.
CONTRAINDICATIONS:
When it is possible to amputate at a more distal level. SURGICAL
TECHNIQUE:
Symmetrical flaps in the frontal plane are recommended. Asymmetrical flaps and flaps in the sagittal plane can also be made. Their muscles are fixed to each other (myodesis) or the bone end by means of transosseous sutures (myopexy). The ischial nerve has to be shortened about 2 inches proximal to the end of the femur. In peripheral vascular diseases, this procedure is not suitable. An alternative technique is suggested. In chronic osteomyelitis (e.g., after intramedullary nailing), the ventral half of the femur can be removed and the medullary cavity cleansed and filled with a muscular flap in order to maintain length. Lengthening procedures of the femur are discussed. POSTOPERATIVE
MANAGEMENT:
Avoid active or passive movement of the stump for the first 2 weeks in order not to disturb healing of the muscle sutures. Physical therapy, prosthetic fitting after 4-6 weeks, according to the expected functional level 0-4. Aids: crutches, wheel chair, adjustable bed, modified hand-controlled automobile. The walking ability of a patient with a double amputation above the knee is severely limited and in patients with peripheral artery disease remains the exception.

Affiliation

-, Langwisstr.14, 8126, Zumikon bei Zürich, Schweiz, rabaumgart@bluewin.ch.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Operative Orthopadie und Traumatologie
ISSN: 1439-0981
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [2028 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Predicting prosthetic prescription after major lower-limb amputation.

We describe prosthetic limb prescription in the first year following lower-limb amputation and examine the relationship between amputation level, geographic region, and prosthetic prescription. We ana...

Ambulation and independence among Veterans with nontraumatic bilateral lower-limb loss.

In describing functional outcomes and independent living in a cohort of bilateral major amputees, we sought to provide current estimates of function and independence after a second major amputation in...

Effects of Traumatic Amputation on β-Trace Protein and β2-Microglobulin Concentrations in Male Soldiers.

Serum creatinine (SCr) levels are decreased following traumatic amputation, leading to the overestimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). β-Trace protein (BTP) and β2-microglobulin (B2M) strong...

Above Elbow Amputation Under Brachial Plexus Block at Supraclavicular and Interscalene Levels.

The brachial plexus block is a commonly performed procedure in the anesthetic practice today. It is performed for analgesia as well as anesthesia for upper limb procedures. It has been used for amputa...

Management of Major Traumatic Upper Extremity Amputations.

Traumatic upper extremity amputation is a life-altering event, and recovery of function depends on proper surgical management and postoperative rehabilitation. Many injuries require revision amputatio...

Clinical Trials [924 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Bone Physiology & Mechanics in Osteomyoplasty Amputation Rehabilitation

The purpose of the study is to compare the effect of different lower limb amputation surgical procedures on leg bone integrity and rehabilitation outcome.

Functional Performance Evaluation of NU-FlexSIV Socket

The overall objective of this study is to provide a more comfortable and functional prosthetic socket for persons with transfemoral amputation that will ultimately improve their quality of...

Kinematic, Kinetic, and Metabolic Comparison of Bilateral Transfemoral Ambulation With Passive Versus Powered Prosthetic Devices

The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory pilot study is to investigate: (1) sagittal plane hip kinematics and kinetics and (2) metabolic consumption/cost, for bilateral transfemoral...

Intraosseous Transcutaneous Amputation Prosthesis

Direct Skeletal Fixation of Prosthetic Limbs Following Trans-Femoral Amputation - Study of an Intraosseous Transcutaneous Amputation Prosthesis (ITAPTM).

The Effect of Silicone Suspension on Standing Balance for Transfemoral Amputees

The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that silicone suction suspension without additional belt support does not significantly diminish the postural sway or walking performa...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The part of a limb or tail following amputation that is proximal to the amputated section.

Amputation or separation at a joint. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Amputation of a lower limb through the sacroiliac joint.

The removal of a limb or other appendage or outgrowth of the body. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Loss of a limb or other bodily appendage by accidental injury.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Anesthesiology
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...

Rheumatology
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...