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It has been proposed that reactive oxygen species play a role in renal fibrosis. 8-OHdG, a metabolite of oxidative damage to leukocyte DNA, has been identified as a marker of oxidative stress in patients with chronic renal failure.
Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No. 110, Section 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung 402, TW. email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Swiss medical weekly
Ablation of the stimulatory G protein α-subunit in renal proximal tubules leads to parathyroid hormone-resistance with increased renal Cyp24a1 mRNA abundance and reduced serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D.
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates serum calcium, phosphate, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) levels by acting on bone and kidney. In renal proximal tubules, PTH inhibits reabsorption of phos...
Apoptosis regulates embryogenesis, organ metamorphosis and tissue homeostasis. Mitochondrial signaling is an apoptotic pathway, in which Cyt-c and Apaf-1 are transformed into an apoptosome, which acti...
In the kidney, vitamin C is reabsorbed from the glomerular ultrafiltrate by sodium-vitamin C cotransporter isoform 1 (SVCT1) located in the brush border membrane of the proximal tubules. Although we k...
Modulation of renal epithelial ion transport allows organisms to maintain ionic and osmotic homeostasis in the face of varying external conditions. The Drosophila melanogaster Malpighian (renal) tubu...
Nucleolar protein PICT-1/GLTSCR2 (GLTSCR2) has both tumor suppressive and oncogenic activities, depending on the types of cancer tissue and its expression level. The role of GLTSCR2 in renal cell carc...
Ghrelin (growth hormone release inducer) is produced in the stomach. The active form of Ghrelin is Acyl-Ghrelin. Acyl-Ghrelin stimulates the Ghrelin receptors. Ghrelin receptors are detect...
The aim of the present study is to study the expression of the various phosphate transporters in patients with normal or moderately impaired renal function or in patients on dialysis. In p...
Needle aspiration of the epididymis causes rupture and irreversible damage to the duct. Recurring punctures and needle aspirations of fluid and tissue during Testicular Fine Needle Aspirat...
Progression of Renal Interstitial Fibrosis / Tubular Atrophy (IF/TA) According to Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Immunosuppressive Regimen (Everolimus Based Versus CNI Based) in de Novo Renal Transplant Recipients
Recently, early biomarkers of renal interstitial fibrosis have been identified, amongst them de novo expression of vimentin by tubular epithelial cells, which is an intermediate filament, ...
This is a Phase 1, open label, single-dose, pharmacokinetic study to be conducted in male and female subjects with normal and impaired renal function. The study will be composed of five gr...
A group of genetic disorders of the KIDNEY TUBULES characterized by the accumulation of metabolically produced acids with elevated plasma chloride, hyperchloremic metabolic ACIDOSIS. Defective renal acidification of URINE (proximal tubules) or low renal acid excretion (distal tubules) can lead to complications such as HYPOKALEMIA, hypercalcinuria with NEPHROLITHIASIS and NEPHROCALCINOSIS, and RICKETS.
A condition characterized by calcification of the renal tissue itself. It is usually seen in distal RENAL TUBULAR ACIDOSIS with calcium deposition in the DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULES and the surrounding interstitium. Nephrocalcinosis causes RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
A type of male infertility in which no germ cells are visible in any of the biopsied SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES (type I) or in which germ cells are present in a minority of tubules (type II). Clinical features include AZOOSPERMIA, normal VIRILIZATION, and normal chromosomal complement.
A group of inherited kidney disorders characterized by the abnormally elevated levels of AMINO ACIDS in URINE. Genetic mutations of transport proteins result in the defective reabsorption of free amino acids at the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. Renal aminoaciduria are classified by the specific amino acid or acids involved.
An autosomal inherited disorder due to defective reabsorption of GLUCOSE by the PROXIMAL RENAL TUBULES. The urinary loss of glucose can reach beyond 50 g/day. It is attributed to the mutations in the SODIUM-GLUCOSE TRANSPORTER 2 encoded by the SLC5A2 gene.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are non-specific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experi...