Vertical Distribution of Archaea and Bacteria in a Meromictic Lake as Determined by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization.
Summary of "Vertical Distribution of Archaea and Bacteria in a Meromictic Lake as Determined by Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization."
The prokaryotic cells distribution in the water column of the coastal saline meromictic Lake Faro (Messina, Italy) was investigated by microscopic counting techniques. Water samples were collected at a central station from the surface to the bottom, when waters were characterized by a marked stratification. A "red-water" layer, caused by a dense growth of photosynthetic sulfur bacteria, was present at a depth of 15 m, defining a transition area between oxic (mixolimnion) and anoxic (monimolimnion) layers. Fluorescently labeled 16S rRNA oligonucleotide, group-specific probes were used to determine the abundance of Bacteria and Archaea, and their subgroups, Green Sulfur Bacteria (GSB), Sulfate Reducing Bacteria (SRB), Cyanobacteria and Chromatium okenii, and Crenarchaeota and Euryarchaeota, as key elements of the microbial community. Bacteria decreased from surface to bottom, while Archaea increased with depth and reached the maximum value at 30 m, where they outnumbered the Bacteria. Bacteria and picophytoplankton prevailed in the mixolimnion. At the chemocline high numbers of prokaryotic cells were present, mainly represented by Cyanobacteria, Chromatium okenii and Euryarchaeota. GSB, SRB, and Crenarchaeota prevailed below the chemocline. Although Archaea constitute a minor fraction of microbial community, they could represent active contributors to the meromictic Lake Faro ecosystem.
Dipartimento di Biologia Animale ed Ecologia Marina, Sezione di Ecologia Microbica e Biotecnologie, Università di Messina, V.le F. Stagno d'Alcontres, 31, 98166, Sant'Agata, Messina, Italy, email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Current microbiology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22006072
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00284-011-0028-9
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