The expression of neuroglobin in astrocytoma.
Summary of "The expression of neuroglobin in astrocytoma."
Neuroglobin (NGB) is a characterized heme globin that is widely expressed in the vertebrate central and peripheral nervous system as well as retina and endocrine tissues. However, to date, it is not determined whether functional NGB is expressed in cells of glia origin. In this study, we aimed to explore the detailed expression of NGB in a rat astrocytoma cell line (C6) and human astrocytoma cell line (U251) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting, and to detect the expression of NGB in human astrocytoma tissues by an immunohistochemical method. We found that NGB was present in a rat astrocytoma cell line (C6), human astrocytoma cell line (U251), and human astrocytoma tissues. The expression and potential roles of NGB in astrocytomas may provide insight into the mechanisms of tumor cells to adapt and survive in hypoxic microenvironments and also represent a novel therapeutic approach to astrocytomas.
Department of Forensic Pathology, West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, 610041, Chengdu, China.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Brain tumor pathology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22009023
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10014-011-0066-9
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A form of gene interaction whereby the expression of one gene interferes with or masks the expression of a different gene or genes. Genes whose expression interferes with or masks the effects of other genes are said to be epistatic to the effected genes. Genes whose expression is affected (blocked or masked) are hypostatic to the interfering genes.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 3-gamma
A winged-helix transcription factor that regulates GENE expression in metabolic tissues. It plays a role in HOMEOSTASIS of GLUCOSE and controls expression of GLUT2 PROTEIN.
Nf-e2-related Factor 2
A basic-leucine zipper transcription factor that was originally described as a transcriptional regulator controlling expression of the BETA-GLOBIN gene. It may regulate the expression of a wide variety of genes that play a role in protecting cells from oxidative damage.
A malignant form of astrocytoma histologically characterized by pleomorphism of cells, nuclear atypia, microhemorrhage, and necrosis. They may arise in any region of the central nervous system, with a predilection for the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, and commissural pathways. Clinical presentation most frequently occurs in the fifth or sixth decade of life with focal neurologic signs or seizures.
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