Denileukin diftitox in combination with rituximab for previously untreated follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Summary of "Denileukin diftitox in combination with rituximab for previously untreated follicular B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma."
Follicular lymphoma exhibits intratumoral infiltration by non-malignant T lymphocytes, including CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (T(reg)) cells. We combined denileukin diftitox with rituximab in previously untreated, advanced-stage follicular lymphoma patients anticipating that denileukin diftitox would deplete CD25+ T(reg) cells while rituximab would deplete malignant B cells. Patients received rituximab 375 mg/m(2) weekly for 4 weeks and denileukin diftitox 18 mcg/kg/day for 5 days every 3 weeks for 4 cycles; neither agent was given as maintenance therapy. Between August 2008 and March 2010, 24 patients were enrolled. One patient died before treatment was given and was not included in the analysis. Eleven of 23 patients (48%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 27-69%) responded; 2 (9%) had complete responses and 9 (39%) had partial responses. The progression-free rate at 2 years was 55% (95%
37-82%). Thirteen patients (57%) experienced grade 3 adverse events and one patient (4%) died. In correlative studies, soluble CD25 and the number of CD25+ T cells decreased after treatment; however, there was a compensatory increase in IL-15 and IP-10. We conclude that although the addition of denileukin diftitox to rituximab decreased the number of CD25+ T cells, denileukin diftitox contributed to the toxicity of the combination without an improvement in response rate or time to progression.Leukemia advance online publication, 21 October 2011; doi:10.1038/leu.2011.297.
Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Leukemia : official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22015775
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/leu.2011.297
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The period of the MENSTRUAL CYCLE representing follicular growth, increase in ovarian estrogen (ESTROGENS) production, and epithelial proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM. Follicular phase begins with the onset of MENSTRUATION and ends with OVULATION.
Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Follicular
Sarcoma of FOLLICULAR DENDRITIC CELLS most often found in the lymph nodes. This rare neoplasm occurs predominately in adults.
A disease of the pilosebaceous unit, presenting clinically as grouped follicular papules or plaques with associated hair loss. It is caused by mucinous infiltration of tissues, and usually involving the scalp, face, and neck. It may be primary (idiopathic) or secondary to mycosis fungoides or reticulosis.
The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.
Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular
A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271)
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