Immediate topical drug delivery by natural submicron injectors.
Summary of "Immediate topical drug delivery by natural submicron injectors."
Transdermal delivery is an attractive but challenging solution for delivery of drugs. The sea anemone possesses a sophisticated injection system, which utilizes built-in high osmotic pressures. The system is folded within microcapsules and upon activation it injects a long, needle-like tubule of submicron diameter that penetrates the target in a fraction of a second. Here we show that this natural injection system can be adapted for active topical drug delivery once it is isolated from the cells, formulated into a topical gel, and uploaded with the desired drug. The formulated injectors retained their physical characteristics and were capable of penetrating the skin, achieving immediate delivery of a hydrophilic compound. We demonstrate quantitative rapid delivery of lidocaine hydrochloride as a function of microcapsular and drug concentrations. The adaptation of natural injectors for drug delivery combines the benefits of short topical application with rapid delivery of physical devices, thereby presenting a promising alternative for transdermal drug delivery.
NanoCyte (Israel) Ltd., Caesarea 38900, Israel.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International journal of pharmaceutics
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21839819
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.07.042
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.
Drug Delivery Systems
Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
Labor and delivery without medical intervention, usually involving RELAXATION THERAPY.
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