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Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) is an optical phenomena generated by light when it interacts with conductive nanoparticles (NPs) that are smaller than the incident wavelength. As in surface plasmon resonance, the electric field of incident light can be deposited to collectively excite electrons of a conduction band, with the result being coherent localized plasmon oscillations with a resonant frequency that strongly depends on the composition, size, geometry, dielectric environment and separation distance of NPs. This review serves to describe the physical theory of LSPR formation at the surface of nanostructures, and the potential for this optical technology to serve as a basis for the development bioassays and biosensing of high sensitivity. The benefits and challenges associated with various experimental designs of nanoparticles and detection systems, as well as creative approaches that have been developed to improve sensitivity and limits of detection are highlighted using examples from the literature.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytica chimica acta
We report a detailed analysis of the influence of the doping level and nanoribbon width on the localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) by means of reflectance measurements. The plasmonic system, ba...
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is a label-free, highly-sensitive, and real-time sensing technique. Conventional SPR sensors, which involve a planar thin gold film, have been widely exploited in biose...
Selectivity is often a major obstacle for localized surface plasmon resonance-based biosensing in complex biological solutions. An additional degree of selectivity can be achieved through the incorpor...
We investigate the effect of surface curvature on characteristics of flexible surface plasmon resonance biosensors. For simplified analysis, segmentation-based approximation of curved substrates has b...
A versatile fabrication technique for plasmonic silver (Ag) nanostructures that uses visible light exposure for micropatterning and plasmon resonance tuning is presented. The surface of a glass substr...
RATIONALE: Diagnostic procedures, such as MRI, may help measure oxygen levels in tumor cells. It may also help doctors predict a patient's response to treatment and help plan the best trea...
Prospective and multicentric Phase III study, evaluation of the interest of the radiotherapy after 4 or 6 cycles of CHOP 14 R regimen of chemotherapy , patients with agressive and localiz...
THEODORA is a prospective pilot clinical trial aiming at first to evaluate and validate the predictive value of the A & MS bioassays on tumor control by radiotherapy.
A prospective, multi-center, single-arm study, planned in 110 patients. The primary objective of the study is to further evaluate the safety and efficacy of a magnetic resonance imaging (M...
The aim of this clinical study is to determine the optimal treatment conditions to achieve prostate cancer tumor ablation and to assess the effects of WST11 mediated VTP treatment in patie...
A biosensing technique in which biomolecules capable of binding to specific analytes or ligands are first immobilized on one side of a metallic film. Light is then focused on the opposite side of the film to excite the surface plasmons, that is, the oscillations of free electrons propagating along the film's surface. The refractive index of light reflecting off this surface is measured. When the immobilized biomolecules are bound by their ligands, an alteration in surface plasmons on the opposite side of the film is created which is directly proportional to the change in bound, or adsorbed, mass. Binding is measured by changes in the refractive index. The technique is used to study biomolecular interactions, such as antigen-antibody binding.
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Organizations representing designated geographic areas which have contracts under the PRO program to review the medical necessity, appropriateness, quality, and cost-effectiveness of care received by Medicare beneficiaries. Peer Review Improvement Act, PL 97-248, 1982.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.