Vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis: WHO position paper - Recommendations.
Summary of "Vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis: WHO position paper - Recommendations."
This article presents the WHO recommendations on the use of vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis excerpted from the recently published Vaccines against tick-borne encephalitis: WHO position paper. This is the first WHO position paper on the use of tick-borne encephalitis. It was published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record in June 2011. In this paper, footnotes provide a limited number of core references including references to grading tables that assess the quality of scientific evidence for a few key conclusions; a more comprehensive list of references is offered in the Background document on vaccines and vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis available at http://www.who.int/immunization/sage/6_TBE_backgr_18_Mar_net_apr_2011.pdf. In accordance with its mandate to provide guidance to Member States on health policy matters, WHO issues a series of regularly updated position papers on vaccines and combinations of vaccines against diseases that have an international public health impact. These papers are concerned primarily with the use of vaccines in large-scale immunization programmes; they summarize essential background information on diseases and vaccines, and conclude with WHO's current position on the use of vaccines in the global context. This paper reflects the recommendations of WHO's Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on immunization. These recommendations were discussed by SAGE at its April 2011 meeting. Evidence presented at the meeting can be accessed at http://www.who.int/immunization/sage/previous/en/index.html.
Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.
This article was published in the following journal.
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21777636
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.07.024
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Encephalitis caused by neurotropic viruses that are transmitted via the bite of TICKS. In Europe, the diseases are caused by ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, TICK-BORNE, which give rise to Russian spring-summer encephalitis, central European encephalitis, louping ill encephalitis, and related disorders. Powassan encephalitis occurs in North America and Russia and is caused by the Powassan virus. ASEPTIC MENINGITIS and rarely encephalitis may complicate COLORADO TICK FEVER which is endemic to mountainous regions of the western United States. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp14-5)
The largest genus of TICKS in the family IXODIDAE, containing over 200 species. Many infest humans and other mammals and several are vectors of diseases such as LYME DISEASE, tick-borne encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, TICK-BORNE), and KYASANUR FOREST DISEASE.
Encephalitis Viruses, Tick-borne
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS that causes encephalitis and hemorrhagic fevers and is found in eastern and western Europe and the former Soviet Union. It is transmitted by TICKS and there is an associated milk-borne transmission from viremic cattle, goats, and sheep.
Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).
Chemical, biological, or medical measures designed to prevent the spread of ticks or the concomitant infestations which result in tick-borne diseases. It includes the veterinary as well as the public health aspects of tick and mite control.
This review is a summary of the most important clinical findings and implications of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in children. It is based on a Pubmed search with the terms "tick-borne encephalitis",...
Tick-borne encephalitis: The impact of epidemiology, changing lifestyle, and environmental factors. Conference report of the 12th Annual Meeting of the International Scientific Working Group on Tick-Borne Encephalitis (ISW-TBE).
In Central Europe and large parts of Asia, tick-borne-encephalitis (TBE) and Lyme borreliosis caused by the spirochetal bacterium of the genus Borrelia are among the most common diseases transmitted b...
Slovenia is an endemic country with a high incidence rate of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) and low vaccination coverage. TBE causes high costs for the health care insurances as well as the society due...
Powassan virus (POWV) is a rare tick-borne agent of encephalitis in North America. Historically, confirmed cases occurred mainly in the northeastern United States. Since 2008, confirmed cases in Minne...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity and tolerability of TBE vaccines administered to children.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety of a vaccination schedule consisting of two vaccinations (21-35 days apart) with the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) vaccine FSME-IMMUN NEW...
The objective of this study is to establish the earliest time point at which vaccines are expected to show seropositive antibody levels after vaccination with FSME-IMMUN 0.5 mL using a rap...
The objective of this study is to assess the immunogenicity, safety and interchangeability of two different TBE vaccines in children aged 1-11 years, the first and second vaccination with...
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a viral illness common in the Northern Hemisphere, especially Europe and Asia. TBE infection may lead to central nervous system problems and death. The pur...