Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Introduction: Triamcinolone acetonide (TA) is a steroidal drug that has been widely administered intravitreally for retinal and choroidal conditions. Safety of steroidal products for intraocular use is essential because of their risk of ocular adverse events. This review comprehensively discusses the safety of intravitreal administration of TA. Areas covered: This paper analyzes the mechanisms of action and key pharmacokinetic attributes and provides a discussion of the main clinical trials investigating clinical applications of intravitreal TA. The safety of intravitreal TA is evaluated through a search of the Medline database from 1980 to 2011. The most relevant literature on the safety of intravitreal TA is also discussed. Expert opinion: The complications of intravitreal TA therapy include secondary ocular hypertension in about 20 ? 40% of eyes, steroid-induced cataract in about 15 ? 20% of cases and postinjection infectious endophthalmitis and pseudoendophthalmitis in less than 1%. TA is an effective drug for various retinal and choroidal diseases when delivered intravitreally. It may imply an off-label use and it may be associated with ocular adverse events. Intravitreal TA is not associated with significant systemic safety risks.
University of Udine, Department of Ophthalmology , P.le S. Maria della Misericordia, 33100 Udine , Italy email@example.com.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Expert opinion on drug safety
This study aimed to review the incidence and clinical outcome of presumed sterile endophthalmitis after the off-label use of intravitreal Kenalog injections (triamcinolone acetonide with 1.5% benzyl a...
To evaluate the outcome of triple therapy of photodynamic therapy combined with injections of intravitreal aflibercept (IVA) and subtenon triamcinolone acetonide for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy ...
Over the past decade, great strides have been made in the management of diabetic macular edema (DME). Therapeutic alternatives now include focal/grid laser photocoagulation, vitreo-retinal surgery, an...
To analyze the effects of injections of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) and intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) on the incidence rates of anterior segment neovascularization (ASN) and neovascul...
To report a case of new-onset Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease treated with sub-Tenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide in a 16-week pregnant patient.
Efficacy duration of triamcinolone acetonide (steroid) for treatment of diabetic macular edema. Furthermore, dosage dependency of triamcinolone acetonide comparing a high dosage versus a l...
A 24 - month Study looking at the the changes in visual acuity of patients receiving PDT therapy in conjunction with intravitreal triamcinolone.
Intravitreal triamcinolone has been effective for central macular thickness reduction and concomitant visual acuity improvement in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). VEGF is a ver...
Phase I/II study with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide microspheres(RETAAC)for treatment of diffuse diabetic macular edema unresponsive to laser photocoagulation. Study hypothesis is t...
The study involves the enrollment of patients over 18 years of age with diabetic macular edema(DME). Patients with one study eye will be randomly assigned (stratified by visual acuity and ...
An esterified form of TRIAMCINOLONE. It is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid used topically in the treatment of various skin disorders. Intralesional, intramuscular, and intra-articular injections are also administered under certain conditions.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.
Measurable biological parameters that serve for drug development, safety and dosing (DRUG MONITORING).
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved on October 8th 2013 Adempas® (riociguat) tablets for: (i) the treatment of adults with persistent/recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) (WHO* Group 4) after ...