Mutually Exclusive Cytoplasmic Dynein Regulation by NudE-Lis1 and Dynactin.
Summary of "Mutually Exclusive Cytoplasmic Dynein Regulation by NudE-Lis1 and Dynactin."
Cytoplasmic dynein is responsible for a wide range of cellular roles. How this single motor protein performs so many functions has remained a major outstanding question for many years. Part of the answer is thought to lie in the diversity of dynein regulators, but how the effects of these factors are coordinated in vivo remains unexplored. We previously found NudE to bind dynein through its light chain 8 (LC8) and intermediate chain (IC) subunits (1), the latter of which also mediates the dynein-dynactin interaction (2). We report here that NudE and dynactin bind to a common region within the IC, and compete for this site. We find LC8 to bind to a novel sequence within NudE, without detectably affecting the dynein-NudE interaction. We further find that commonly used dynein inhibitory reagents have broad effects on the interaction of dynein with its regulatory factors. Together these results reveal an unanticipated mechanism for preventing dual regulation of individual dynein molecules, and identify the IC as a nexus for regulatory interactions within the dynein complex.
From the Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of biological chemistry
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21911489
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.289017
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Mutant strains of rats that produce little or no hair. Several different homozygous recessive mutations can cause hairlessness in rats including rnu/rnu (Rowett nude), fz/fz (fuzzy), shn/shn (shorn), and nznu/nznu (New Zealand nude). Note that while NUDE RATS are often hairless, they are most characteristically athymic.
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
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Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
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